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TitreA gauged finite-element potential formulation for accurate inductive and galvanic modelling of 3-D electromagnetic problems
AuteurAnsari, S M; Farquharson, C G; MacLachlan, S P
SourceGeophysical Journal International vol. 210, 1, 2017 p. 105-129, https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggx149
Année2017
Séries alt.Ressources naturelles Canada, Contribution externe 20200212
ÉditeurOxford University Press
Documentpublication en série
Lang.anglais
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggx149
Mediapapier; en ligne; numérique
Formatspdf
Sujetsméthode d'analyses par elements finis; modèles; établissement de modèles; analyse; géomathématique; Sciences et technologie
Illustrationsfigures; plots; tables
Diffusé2017 06 01
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
In this paper, a new finite-element solution to the potential formulation of the geophysical electromagnetic (EM) problem that explicitly implements the Coulomb gauge, and that accurately computes the potentials and hence inductive and galvanic components, is proposed. The modelling scheme is based on using unstructured tetrahedral meshes for domain subdivision, which enables both realistic Earth models of complex geometries to be considered and efficient spatially variable refinement of the mesh to be done. For the finite-element discretization edge and nodal elements are used for approximating the vector and scalar potentials respectively. The issue of non-unique, incorrect potentials from the numerical solution of the usual incomplete-gauged potential system is demonstrated for a benchmark model from the literature that uses an electric-type EM source, through investigating the interface continuity conditions for both the normal and tangential components of the potential vectors, and by showing inconsistent results obtained from iterative and direct linear equation solvers. By explicitly introducing the Coulomb gauge condition as an extra equation, and by augmenting the Helmholtz equation with the gradient of a Lagrange multiplier, an explicitly gauged system for the potential formulation is formed. The solution to the discretized form of this system is validated for the above-mentioned example and for another classic example that uses a magnetic EM source. In order to stabilize the iterative solution of the gauged system, a block diagonal pre-conditioning scheme that is based upon the Schur complement of the potential system is used. For all examples, both the iterative and direct solvers produce the same responses for the potentials, demonstrating the uniqueness of the numerical solution for the potentials and fixing the problems with the interface conditions between cells observed for the incomplete-gauged system. These solutions of the gauged system also produce the physically anticipated behaviours for the inductive and galvanic components of the electric field. For a realistic geophysical scenario, the gauged scheme is also used to synthesize the magnetic field response of a model of the Ovoid ore deposit at Voisey's Bay, Labrador, Canada. The results are in good agreement with the helicopter-borne EM data from the real survey, and the inductive and galvanic parts of the current density show expected behaviours.
GEOSCAN ID326624