GEOSCAN, résultats de la recherche


TitreHuman-induced changes in sediment properties and amplified endmember differences: Possible geological time markers in the future
AuteurYang, Y; Jia, J; Zhou, L; Gao, W; Shi, B; Li, Z; Wang, Y P; Gao, S
SourceScience of the Total Environment vol. 661, 2019 p. 63-74,
Séries alt.Ressources naturelles Canada, Contribution externe 20180385
ÉditeurElsevier BV
Documentpublication en série
Mediapapier; en ligne; numérique
Formatspdf (Adobe® Reader®); html; docx (Microsoft® Word®)
Lat/Long OENS 117.0000 131.0000 40.0000 26.0000
Sujetseaux de surface; rivières; échantillons de sédiment de cours d'eau; barrages; propriétés du sédiment; dispersion des sédiments; analyses granulométriques; repartition granulométrique; boues; propriétés magnétiques; géochimie des sédiments de cours d'eau; méthodes de dépistage des sédiments; milieux marins; origine; courants; sédiments alluviaux; méthodologie; hydrogéologie; géologie des dépôts meubles/géomorphologie; géologie de l'environnement; géologie de l'ingénieur; géochimie; sédimentologie
Illustrationsbar graphs; location maps; tables; plots
Diffusé2019 01 14
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
Many rivers are facing human-induced system regime shifts that have great environmental, ecological and social implications, necessitating an increasing need to quantify the human influence on sediment properties and their impacts on the source-to-sink system of marginal seas. The Huanghe and Changjiang Rivers have experienced a dramatic reduction in sediment flux in recent decades, typifying the human influence on sediment properties of global large rivers. Sediment samples from the two rivers were analyzed to obtain grain size, magnetic and geochemical data. The results show a large difference in sediment properties between pre- and post-dam periods. We applied a discrepancy factor to re-examine the magnetic and geochemical tracers that were previously used in the two rivers. The discrepancy factors of most magnetic and geochemical tracers in the mud-sized sediments of the two rivers increased by an average of about 109% after dam construction. This suggests that human-induced changes in sediment properties have greatly improved the discriminatory ability between the sediments from the two rivers. The results also raise the uncertainty of using previous tracers to distinguish between sediments from the two rivers after damming. Furthermore, significant changes in sediment properties that happened in a relatively short time may provide future geological time markers for sedimentary records with a temporal resolution of 100-101 years. For marine environments, an approach for identifying sediment sources based on multiple independent optimum tracers is also proposed, with composite magnetic (SIRM vs. HIRM) and geochemical (Na2O vs. Zn) tracers being considered. The results of this work can advance our knowledge of how human activities alter river systems, and identify a sustainable development model under system regime shifts for areas of high-intensity human activity.