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TitreThe Skipjack Island fault zone: An active transcurrent structure within the upper plate of the Cascadia subduction complex
AuteurGreene, H G; Barrie, J V; Todd, B J
SourceSedimentary Geology 2018.,
Séries alt.Ressources naturelles Canada, Contribution externe 20182242
ÉditeurElsevier BV
Documentpublication en série
Mediapapier; en ligne; numérique
ProgrammeGéoscience pour la sécurité publique, Tremblements de terre à la limite des plaques
Diffusé2018 05 09
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
The Skipjack Island fault zone has been mapped in the San Juan Islands between Vancouver Island, Canada, and the Washington State mainland, USA. A decade ago, interpretation of multibeam sonar seafloor imagery revealed that Skipjack Island, an eastÐwest striking sedimentary bedrock outcrop, was a fault-controlled structural feature. A major fault separates Skipjack Island from a deformed sedimentary bedrock outcrop on the seafloor to the north. Recently the Skipjack Island fault zone's morphology and extent have been explored both to the west and east of the island using multibeam echosounder bathymetry, seismic reflection profiles, and sediment cores. The character of the Skipjack Island fault zone is well defined locally by the interpreted seismic-reflection profiles, which show active faults that displace sediments deposited since the Last Glacial Maximum. The central part of the fault zone, near Skipjack Island, appears as a near-vertical structure in the shallow subsurface that has been subjected to left-lateral motion as evidenced by a bedrock exposure on the seabed north of the island where folded strata bend eastward against the fault, the result of drag from fault motion. Interpretations of recent geophysical data suggest an extension of the Skipjack Island fault zone farther to the west, where it trends towards, and possibly connects with, the Fulford Fault on Vancouver Island, and to the east, where it either terminates north of Lummi Island, or continues eastward onto the mainland. The Skipjack Island fault zone is interpreted to be the northern boundary of the San Juan Archipelago with the Devils Mountain fault zone being the southern boundary. Both fault zones represent the longest continuous faults of the San Juan Archipelago. This newly mapped fault zone and its zone of deformation to the north may represent the northern boundary of the Cascadia forearc. Potential sesimicity of the Skipjack Island fault zone and its proximity to the steep unstable northeastern side of Orcas Island and the southern front of the Fraser River Delta poses a geohazads problem in the form of earthquakes, landslides, submarine slides, and tsunamis. © 2018