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TitreHabitat mapping towards an ecosystem approach in marine spatial planning
TéléchargerTéléchargement (publication entière)
AuteurSchiele, K S; Darr, A; Pesch, R; Schuchardt, B; Kuhmann, C
SourceProgram and abstracts: 2017 GeoHab Conference, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada; par Todd, B J; Brown, C J; Lacharité, M; Gazzola, V; McCormack, E; Commission géologique du Canada, Dossier public 8295, 2017 p. 107, https://doi.org/10.4095/305926 (Accès ouvert)
LiensGeoHab 2017
Année2017
ÉditeurRessources naturelles Canada
Réunion2017 GeoHab: Marine Geological and Biological Habitat Mapping; Dartmouth, NS; CA; mai 1-4, 2017
Documentdossier public
Lang.anglais
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.4095/305926
Mediaen ligne; numérique
Référence reliéeCette publication est contenue dans Todd, B J; Brown, C J; Lacharité, M; Gazzola, V; McCormack, E; (2017). Program and abstracts: 2017 GeoHab Conference, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada, Commission géologique du Canada, Dossier public 8295
Formatspdf
Sujetstechniques de cartographie; océanographie; milieux marins; études côtières; conservation; organismes marins; écologie marine; gestion des ressources; peuplements biologiques; etudes de l'environnement; écosystèmes; planification; benthos; biotopes; biologie; prise de décision; géologie marine; géologie des dépôts meubles/géomorphologie; géologie de l'environnement; géophysique
ProgrammeGéoscience de la gestion des océans, Géoscience en mer
Diffusé2017 09 26
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
Marine spatial planning (MSP) coordinates human activities at sea to avoid spatial conflict and to identify suitable space for these activities. Successful planning requires the best available data to base decision upon. Nevertheless, marine plans have been prepared without e.g. high resolution habitat or biotope maps being available for the planning area.
As the ecosystem approach has been widely adopted as an overarching principle of MSP, mapping of benthic biotopes has become even more relevant to identify areas of importance for nature conservation.
Our study provides a scientific basis for an ecosystem approach in MSP by 1) developing biotope maps, 2) identifying relevant areas/ spatial claims for nature conservation and 3) considering trans-national issues. We present work from the Baltic Sea and the North Sea focusing on offshore waters.
The maps illustrate the distribution of benthic species, habitats and biotopes according to different levels in the regional classification systems (EUNIS or HELCOM Underwater Biotope classification system). Regional applicability and comparability of classification systems is of special relevance e.g. to identify stepping stones in biotope networks that extend to the waters of neighboring countries.
Areas where protected species and biotopes occur are evaluated in terms of ecological importance (hot-spot for the species, size, and ecological condition). The most important areas are identified as spatial claims for nature conservation. While a broad overlap of these areas with already designated MPAs confirm their relevance, additional areas outside the borders of MPAs were identified. This finding highlights the importance of MSP for nature conservation.
Based on current research we provide scientific information translated into spatial claims for nature conservation to be considered in an integrated ocean management. Planners and decision makers are enabled to make more informed choices and thus reaching better decisions.
GEOSCAN ID305926