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TitreLinking physical and biogenic habitats to reveal Kapiti Island's submarine landscape
TéléchargerTéléchargement (publication entière)
AuteurLaferriere, A; Lamarche, G; Pallentin, A; Geange, S; Gardner, J
SourceProgram and abstracts: 2017 GeoHab Conference, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada; par Todd, B J; Brown, C J; Lacharité, M; Gazzola, V; McCormack, E; Commission géologique du Canada, Dossier public 8295, 2017 p. 72, https://doi.org/10.4095/305880 (Accès ouvert)
LiensGeoHab 2017
Année2017
ÉditeurRessources naturelles Canada
Réunion2017 GeoHab: Marine Geological and Biological Habitat Mapping; Dartmouth, NS; CA; mai 1-4, 2017
Documentdossier public
Lang.anglais
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.4095/305880
Mediaen ligne; numérique
Référence reliéeCette publication est contenue dans Todd, B J; Brown, C J; Lacharité, M; Gazzola, V; McCormack, E; (2017). Program and abstracts: 2017 GeoHab Conference, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada, Commission géologique du Canada, Dossier public 8295
Formatspdf
Lat/Long OENS 174.8333 174.9667 -40.8000 -40.8833
Sujetstechniques de cartographie; océanographie; milieux marins; études côtières; conservation; organismes marins; écologie marine; gestion des ressources; peuplements biologiques; etudes de l'environnement; écosystèmes; bathymétrie; topographie du fond océanique; configurations lit; sédiments marins; graviers; blocs; récifs; levés géophysiques; levés acoustiques marins; levés au sonar; sonar latéral; photographie; structures d'origine biologique; invertébrés; algues; biologie; géologie marine; géologie des dépôts meubles/géomorphologie; géologie de l'environnement; géophysique
ProgrammeGéoscience de la gestion des océans, Géoscience en mer
Diffusé2017 09 26
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
Kapiti Island is one of New Zealand's most important small islands, hosting an ecologically important nature reserve that is juxtaposed by an equally important marine reserve. Although the geology surrounding Kapiti Island is dynamic with several active faults, information about seafloor morphology dates from the 1990s and has a low level of detail. Identifying the geomorphology and biogenic habitats of an area are essential to understanding the processes influencing species' distributions, ecological interactions and managing the marine environment. Through a collaborative mapping initiative, we mapped the seafloor using a Kongsberg EM2040 Multibeam Echosounder (MBES) to produce highly detailed maps of the reserve and surrounding area. Preliminary bathymetry data was visually analysed and segmented into 18 habitat types that were used to ground-truth the multibeam and define biogenic habitats. Ground-truthing included 214 camera drops, 12 sled tows and 46 dives distributed over the 18 habitat types. We present here the compilation of ground-truthing and multibeam data to reveal the diversity of physical and biogenic habitats that comprise the submarine landscape surrounding Kapiti Island, which include: soft sediments with associated infaunal communities, large areas of rock rubble and gravels with mobile invertebrates, extensive anemone and rhodolith beds, boulder fields with dense macroalgal stands, flat and complex rocky reefs encrusted with a diversity of invertebrates and algae. This multidisciplinary and scalar approach supports a greater ability to effectively manage the area and promote awareness of the richness, diversity and complexity of the seafloor of the Kapiti Island region and the biota it supports.
GEOSCAN ID305880