|Titre||Effects of projected climate change induced changes in wind patterns on the spatial distribution of blue mussels|
|Télécharger||Téléchargement (publication entière) |
|Auteur||Kurvinen, L; Sahla, M; Virtanen, E; Westerbom, M; Ekebom, J|
|Source||Program and abstracts: 2017 GeoHab Conference, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada; par Todd, B J; Brown, C J; Lacharité, M; Gazzola, V; McCormack, E; Commission géologique du Canada, Dossier public 8295,
2017 p. 70, https://doi.org/10.4095/305878 (Accès ouvert)|
|Liens||GeoHab 2017 |
|Éditeur||Ressources naturelles Canada|
|Réunion||2017 GeoHab: Marine Geological and Biological Habitat Mapping; Dartmouth, NS; CA; mai 1-4, 2017|
|Media||en ligne; numérique|
|Référence reliée||Cette publication est contenue dans Todd, B J;
Brown, C J; Lacharité, M; Gazzola, V; McCormack, E; (2017). Program and abstracts: 2017 GeoHab Conference, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada, Commission géologique du Canada, Dossier public 8295|
|Lat/Long OENS|| 10.0000 30.5000 66.0000 53.7500|
|Sujets||techniques de cartographie; océanographie; milieux marins; études côtières; conservation; organismes marins; écologie marine; gestion des ressources; peuplements biologiques; etudes de l'environnement;
écosystèmes; climat; temperature; salinité; sédiments marins; débit de sedimentation; topographie du fond océanique; établissement de modèles; biologie; changement climatique; vent; géologie marine; géologie des dépôts meubles/géomorphologie;
géologie de l'environnement; Nature et environnement|
|Programme||Géoscience de la gestion des océans, Géoscience en mer|
|Diffusé||2017 09 26|
|Résumé||(disponible en anglais seulement)|
The projected changing climate is expected to have impacts on sea temperatures and salinities. In addition, wind patterns are projected to shift. Although
projections are uncertain, noticeable changes in wind directions and patterns have already been recorded in the Baltic Sea, due to changing climate during the past decades.
Wave exposure is one of the most important environmental factor
controlling blue mussel (Mytilus trossulus) distribution and densities. Higher exposure keeps e.g. sedimentation at a lower level, which is beneficial for the species. Sea surface wave exposure is determined by wind power and direction, additionally
by below surface topography. In the northern Baltic Sea, south-western winds prevail. It is assumed that blue mussels occur at higher densities on the exposed western and south-western sides of islands, islets and reefs.
The blue mussel is a key
species providing several ecosystem services, such as removal of organic nutrients by filtering water and being the main food source for many Baltic flagship species. So it is of great ecological interest to try to predict how, and where, this
species will manage in the changing environment.
The blue mussel data used in this study has been collected by diving, mainly within the Finnish Inventory Program for the Underwater Marine Environment (VELMU) and samples collected 2011-2015 were
included. For this study, we started by running a distribution model for blue mussel densities, using wave exposure models produced with current wind data, in combination with other relevant environmental predictors. We ran models using exposure,
produced with changed wind patterns, some of which follow predictions, while some are more extreme. The aim was to see how the pattern of occurrence changes in the fragmented archipelago of southern Finland and to see if there are significant shifts
in occurrences within current protected area boundaries and if currently implemented MPAs
Results show decreasing mussel densities with shifts towards northerly winds. Also changes in locations occurred, but these shifts might not be relevant for
the planning of large MPAs, if the areas include a wide range of possible exposures. On the other hand, decreasing densities might affect the way the species provides its ecosystem services.