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TitreAn overview of the Ontario Geological Survey's groundwater initiative
TéléchargerTéléchargement (publication entière)
LicenceVeuillez noter que la Licence du gouvernement ouvert - Canada remplace toutes les licences antérieures.
AuteurPriebe, E H; Bajc, A F; Brunton, F R; Burt, A K; Dell, K M; Hamilton, S M; Mulligan, R P M
SourceRegional-scale groundwater geoscience in southern Ontario: an Ontario Geological Survey, Geological Survey of Canada, and Conservation Ontario open house; par Russell, H A J; Ford, D; Priebe, E H; Commission géologique du Canada, Dossier public 8212, 2017 p. 28, (Accès ouvert)
ÉditeurRessources naturelles Canada
RéunionOntario Geological Survey and Geological Survey of Canada groundwater geoscience open house; Guelph; CA; mars 1-2, 2017
Documentdossier public
Mediaen ligne; numérique
Référence reliéeCette publication est contenue dans Russell, H A J; Ford, D; Priebe, E H; (2017). Regional-scale groundwater geoscience in southern Ontario: an Ontario Geological Survey, Geological Survey of Canada, and Conservation Ontario open house, Commission géologique du Canada, Dossier public 8212
SNRC30; 31C; 31D; 40; 41A; 41G; 41H/03; 41H/04; 41H/05; 41H/06; 41H/12; 41H/13
Lat/Long OENS -84.0000 -76.0000 46.0000 41.5000
Sujetseau souterraine; ressources en eau souterraine; aquifères; ressources en eau souterraine; gestion des ressources; unités hydrostratigraphiques; géochimie des eaux souterraines; écoulement de la nappe d'eau souterraine; régimes des eaux souterraines; établissement de modèles; analyse du bassin; levés géophysiques; échantillons carrotés; qualité de l'eau; hydrogéologie; géologie régional; géologie des dépôts meubles/géomorphologie; géochimie; géophysique; géologie de l'environnement; Phanérozoïque; Cénozoïque; Quaternaire; Paléozoïque
ProgrammeGéoscience des eaux souterraines, Aquifer Assessment & support to mapping
Diffusé2017 02 22
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
The Ontario Geological Survey (OGS) initiated mapping activities in support of regional hydrogeological characterization in 2001. Concurrent activities included the generation of updated fully-attributed, bedrock geology, karst, physiography, surficial geology, drift thickness and bedrock topography seamless maps. These pan-southern Ontario maps and products serve as a foundation for hydrogeological investigations, and in particular, they have formed an integral part of the watershed characterization portion of the source protection plans. Following the release of these pan-southern Ontario products, the OGS shifted focus to characterizing the subsurface through the development and implementation of three sub-surface mapping activities; 3D Paleozoic bedrock mapping, 3D surficial sediment mapping and ambient groundwater geochemistry mapping. Each of these activities is described below.
1) The primary goal of the 3D Paleozoic bedrock mapping is to delineate the stratigraphic units that host important groundwater resources in southern Ontario. This is done by identifying the main geologic controls on groundwater flow and mapping and delineating regional-scale groundwater flow systems within the context of a sequence stratigraphic framework. The first study area concentrated on the Niagara Escarpment because this region is undergoing significant population pressures and relies heavily on deep bedrock groundwater resources. The next regional-scale 3D Paleozoic bedrock mapping project will focus on Upper Silurian through Middle Devonian carbonate-dominated units located to the southwest.
2) The goals of 3D sediment mapping projects are to reconstruct the Quaternary history of each area, build a regional-scale 3D model of Quaternary deposits that form aquifers and aquitards, and to define the internal characteristics of each sediment package. The initial focus was on areas either within or adjacent to the Greater Golden Horseshoe and to date, projects have been completed in the Waterloo (GRS03), Barrie-Oro (GRS11), Brantford-Woodstock (GRS10) and Orangeville-Fergus (GRS15) areas, South Simcoe is nearing completion and projects in the Niagara and Central Simcoe areas are well underway. The 3D sediment mapping program has taken a basin analysis approach similar to that used by the GSC in the Oak Ridges Moraine. Ground and airborne geophysical surveys coupled with continuous-coring have enabled the development of conceptual geologic models, critical for the successful construction of 3D geologic models.
3) The ambient groundwater geochemistry project which was initiated in 2011 and resulted in the collection of untreated bedrock- and overburden-derived groundwaters at approximately 1850 stations across all of southern Ontario. The main purpose of the study is to understand and predict the effect that aquifer composition has on groundwater quality as well as to understand the flow history, residence time and vulnerability of individual and regional groundwater sources. The sampling density is approximately 1 station per 10 square kilometers. Digital datasets and maps were released for all of southern Ontario in 2015 (MRD283-REV). Moving beyond southern Ontario, a similar study was initiated in the Sudbury region in 2016, with plans to conduct mapping activities on Manitoulin Island in 2017.