|Titre||Insights from a "one water" integrated approach to Tier 3 water budget analysis|
|Télécharger||Téléchargement (publication entière) |
|Auteur||Kassenaar, D; Wexler, E J|
|Source||Regional-scale groundwater geoscience in southern Ontario: an Ontario Geological Survey, Geological Survey of Canada, and Conservation Ontario open house; par Russell, H A J; Ford, D; Priebe, E H;
Commission géologique du Canada, Dossier public 8212, 2017 p. 21, https://doi.org/10.4095/299777 (Accès ouvert)|
|Éditeur||Ressources naturelles Canada|
|Réunion||Ontario Geological Survey and Geological Survey of Canada groundwater geoscience open house; Guelph; CA; mars 1-2, 2017|
|Media||en ligne; numérique|
|Référence reliée||Cette publication est contenue dans Russell, H A
J; Ford, D; Priebe, E H; (2017). Regional-scale groundwater geoscience in southern Ontario: an Ontario Geological Survey, Geological Survey of Canada, and Conservation Ontario open house, Commission géologique du Canada, Dossier public
|Sujets||eau souterraine; aquifères; eaux de surface; ressources en eau souterraine; gestion des ressources; budget hydrologique; régimes des eaux souterraines; établissement de modèles; bassins versants;
reservoirs; utilisation de l'eau; topographie; climat; utilisation du terrain; niveaux d'eau; écoulement des cours d'eau; terres humides; sources; sols; puits; entreposage; gestion des risques; hydrogéologie; géomathématique; géologie régional;
géologie des dépôts meubles/géomorphologie|
|Programme||Géoscience des eaux souterraines, Aquifer Assessment & support to mapping|
|Diffusé||2017 02 22|
|Résumé||(disponible en anglais seulement)|
One of the significant benefits of the tiered Ontario Source Water Protection water budget approach was the opportunity for significant improvement in numerical
model analysis at each progressive level. The concurrent improvements in water use data, advances in computing and storage, and the release of a practical, open-source integrated surface water/groundwater model in 2008 (USGS GSFLOW) further supported
the technical advancements. Most important, however, was the recognition that a holistic "one water" approach, addressing the entire hydrologic cycle, was necessary to address the cumulative effects of increased water use, drought, storage, and land
use change on groundwater levels, streamflow, and wetland viability.
Recognizing this challenge and opportunity, Earthfx strongly advocated conducting fully-integrated surface water and groundwater modelling studies for all the Tier 3 studies. A
number of common response patterns and insights emerged from the six fully integrated Tier 3 and Lake Simcoe Protection models that we created. First, we found that groundwater feedback (Dunnian rejected recharge) was the dominant form of
interaction, occurring in as much as 30 percent of the watershed areas. Hortonian runoff was found to be relatively rare, due to the infrequency of intense storms, summer ET deficits, and actively-vegetated loose soil conditions.
headwater streams and springs, high resolution surface topography, and detailed land cover were needed to represent spatially variable and often highly-focussed recharge. The need for detail extended into the conceptualization of the shallow
subsurface, where detailed representations of the soil zone and shallow geology were needed to properly simulate subsurface stormflow and seasonal flow through highly permeable shallow aquifer units (weathered tills, epi-karst, etc.). Detailed
representations of reservoir operations, quarry dewatering, irrigation water takings, and return flow were also found to be important to simulate overall watershed functions and, ultimately, producing a defensible risk assessment. Based on this
experience and insight gained, we are convinced that the key to successful integrated modelling is in the details.
Perhaps the most significant conclusion is that practical, engineering-scale integrated analysis can be accomplished within a
watershed context. At too large a scale, many of the key process details and complex shallow system interactions would be oversimplified and generalized. Similarly, at too small a scale, such as limiting the model to the extended area of influence of
a wellfield, would require oversimplification of model boundaries and neglect of the transient nature of surface and groundwater flow in the surrounding area.
In 2010, Refsgaard et al. predicted that by 2020 all modelling in Denmark would consist
of fully integrated analysis. Perhaps, due to the challenges and opportunities of the Tier 3 process, that future has arrived early in Ontario.