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TitreCommunication challenges during an earthquake swarm period
AuteurLamontagne, M; Flynn, B; Goulet, C
SourceSeismological Research Letters vol. 87, no. 6, 2016 p. 1373-1377, https://doi.org/10.1785/0220160036
Année2016
Séries alt.Secteur des sciences de la Terre, Contribution externe 20160119
ÉditeurSeismological Society of America
Documentpublication en série
Lang.anglais
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1785/0220160036
Mediapapier; en ligne; numérique
Formatspdf
Sujetssecousses séismiques; risque de tremblement de terre; séismologie; dangers pour la santé; Santé et sécurité
ProgrammeEastern Canada Geohazards Assessment Project, Géoscience pour la sécurité publique
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
When earthquake swarms catch the public¿s attention, we, seismologists, face a difficult communications challenge. On the one hand, we don¿t want to create unnecessary anxiety, since most swarms eventually die off, but at the same time, we know that these events could be foreshocks of a larger, and possibly damaging, earthquake. What then is the seismologist to say that will remain within the scope of science while assisting the public and community leaders to make appropriate choices related to unknown and potentially damaging future events? Probabilistic statements are scientifically verifiable but will provide little comfort to anxious people and will give no guidance about whether they should prepare or not to face an earthquake. We believe that the path out of these dilemmas lies in the promotion of actions that allow individuals, families, and communities to acquire a sense of control and that promote individual and collective efficacy, a key element of promoting resilience in a crisis. This way, seismologists can make use of a ¿teachable moment¿, when people are inclined to pay attention to the scientists¿ message, and to take action based upon useful and credible information. This course of action has the added benefit of enhancing an appropriate response if an event does occur. We believe that the public is ready to accept the limitations of the Earth Sciences (such as the inability to make predictions, especially if these limitations are paired with guidance that is reasonable, comforting, and makes logical sense. In addition, the public will respond better if science is delivered with a humane attitude. Based on these premises, we propose a message that should form the basis of press releases, web page content, Tweets, that we hope would be useful for seismologists who communicate during earthquake swarm periods.
Résumé(Résumé en langage clair et simple, non publié)
Ce que les séismologues devraient dire pendant une période d'essaim de tremblements de terre
GEOSCAN ID299037