|Titre||A three-dimensional geological model of Canada, ruminations on the needs, challenges and practicalities|
|Auteur||Russell, H A J; Brodaric, B; Nastev, M|
|Source||Geological Society of America, Special Paper 282-2, 2014.|
|Liens||Online - En ligne |
|Séries alt.||Secteur des sciences de la Terre, Contribution externe 20150261|
|Éditeur||Geological Society of America|
|Réunion||Geological Society of America Annual Meeting; Vancouver; CA; Octobre 19-22, 2014|
|Document||publication en série|
|Media||papier; en ligne; numérique|
|Sujets||levés géologiques; établissement de modèles; établissement de modèles structuraux; modèles de sedimentation|
|Programme||Aquifer Assessment & support to mapping, Géoscience des eaux souterraines|
|Résumé||(disponible en anglais seulement)|
Three dimensional cognitive visualization of geological mapping has historically only been possible for the experienced geological interpreter. The advent of
powerful computer graphics and visualization software now provides a platform for the widespread development of 3-D geological models. Such models are commonly available for local studies in undeformed sedimentary basins and in complex structural
settings of mining camps. There is a broader need for regional geological models to underpin modern infrastructure development (e.g. energy, mining, groundwater, urbanization, seismic zonation), as is recognized and implemented by a number of
European countries (e.g. Britain, Netherlands).
This submission reviews challenges present in the development of a 3-D model for the full landmass of Canada, including: a hierarchical approach to the parsing and codification of the diverse
geology of Canada, data sources (geophysical, lithological, structural, stratigraphic, geochemical, etc.) and formats (e.g. point, line, polygon, continuous), and the need for a coordinated data management scheme. It also considers differences in
modelling approaches required for a variety of geological terrains (e.g. sedimentary basins, metamorphic and plutonic, orogenic belts, surficial sediment) with varying types and abundance of data support. Surface mapping of Canada has advanced in an
iterative fashion as regional compilations are upgraded upon the completion of detailed studies, and a similar iterative process is required for 3-D modelling. Three-dimensional modelling is already under way in numerous jurisdictions, where older
stratigraphic databases, structural maps, etc. are captured and regenerated using machine based interpolative algorithims and 3-D visualization systems. There is a need for a broader collaboration and dialogue to optimize scarce human resource
expertise and funding support to ensure continued advancement. There is no single data set, nor interpretative and interpolative approach, to 3-D model development, and broad discussion and collaboration is the surest way to make progress.
|Résumé||(Résumé en langage clair et simple, non publié)|
Présentation donnera un aperçu sur une vision et appraoch pour 3-D modélisation géologique du Canada.