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TitrePetrogenesis of the ferrogabbroic intrusions and associated Fe-Ti-V-(P) mineralization within the McFaulds greenstone belt, Superior Province, northern Ontario
TéléchargerTéléchargement (publication entière)
AuteurKuzmich, B; Hollings, P; Houlé, M G
SourceTargeted Geoscience Initiative 4: Canadian nickel-copper-platinum group elements-chromium ore systems -- fertility, pathfinders, new and revised models; par Ames, D E (éd.); Houlé, M G (éd.); Commission géologique du Canada, Dossier public 7856, 2015 p. 115-123, (Accès ouvert)
ÉditeurRessources naturelles Canada
Documentdossier public
Mediaen ligne; numérique
Référence reliéeCette publication est contenue dans Ames, D E; Houlé, M G; (2015). Targeted Geoscience Initiative 4: Canadian nickel-copper-platinum group elements-chromium ore systems -- fertility, pathfinders, new and revised models, Commission géologique du Canada, Dossier public 7856
SNRC43C/05; 43C/12; 43C/13; 43D/06; 43D/07; 43D/08; 43D/09; 43D/10; 43D/11; 43D/14; 43D/15; 43D/16; 43E/01; 43E/02; 43E/03; 43F/04
Lat/Long OENS -87.5000 -85.5000 52.2500 51.2500
Sujetsminéralisation; pétrogenèse; lithologie; métallogénie; fer; magnétisme du champ complet; lithofaciès; analyses pétrographiques; géochimie des roches totales; analyses des roches totales; géochimie des éléments en trace; Province de Superior ; minéraux métalliques; pétrologie ignée et métamorphique; géochimie; géophysique; Précambrien
ProgrammeÉtude des gîtes magmatiques de Ni-Cu-EPG, Initiative géoscientifique ciblée (IGC-4)
Diffusé2015 06 22
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
The Thunderbird and Butler intrusions of the McFaulds Lake greenstone belt ("Ring of Fire") were studied to determine petrogenesis and associated Fe-Ti-V-(P) mineralization. These intrusions are characterized by variably well layered gabbro-anorthosite intrusions with abundant Fe-Ti oxides, broadly termed ferrogabbro. The layers are composed of partial to complete cycles that comprise basal massive oxide (magnetiteilmenite), which grade into semi-massive oxide units, followed by oxide-rich pyroxenite/melagabbro/gabbro, oxide-poor melagabbro/gabbro/leucogabbro, and topped with oxide-free leucogabbro/anorthosite. The cycles range from centimetres to metres in thickness and define the well layered portions of the intrusions that typically exhibit sharp upper and lower contacts with gradational internal contacts. Conversely, the intrusions contain broad intervals of disseminated magnetite-ilmenite (2–5%) hosted in melagabbro/gabbro/ leucogabbro/anorthosite, which range in thickness from metres to tens of metres. The layering and textures observed within the ferrogabbro units are thought to be dominantly produced by convection currents with intermittent periods of quiescence.
The ferrogabbro intrusions are characterized by gently sloping LREE and flat HREE patterns. This geochemical signature most closely corresponds to an E-MORB source that is thought to have been the result of interaction of a mnalte plume with MORB-like mantle under the McFaulds Lake area. This plume-related magma is thought to have undergone differentiation, resulting in the abundant Cr-Ni-Cu-PGE-bearing ultramafic and evolved Fe-Ti-rich mafic suites in the McFaulds area. Additionally, the plume may have resulted in a thinned lithosphere and produced the coeval VMS occurrences.
Also studied is the potential application of the TiO2/V2O5 ratio for the identification of prospective vanadium mineralization and to aid in the determination of magmatic stratigraphy.