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TitreMapping hydrothermal footprints: case studies from the Meliadine Gold District, Nunavut
TéléchargerTéléchargements
AuteurLawley, C J M; Dubé, B; Mercier-Langevin, P; Vaillancourt, D
SourceCommission géologique du Canada, Dossier public 7744, 2015, 22 pages, https://doi.org/10.4095/295920
Année2015
ÉditeurRessources naturelles Canada
Documentdossier public
Lang.anglais
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.4095/295920
Mediaen ligne; numérique
Formatspdf
ProvinceNunavut
SNRC55J/13; 55K/16; 55N/01; 55O/04
Lat/Long OENS -92.5833 -91.4167 63.7500 63.1250
Sujetsgisements minéraux hydrothermaux; altération hydrothermale; altération; sulfures; gîtes sulfureux; arsénopyrite; formations ferrifères; or; gisements minéraux; gîtes minéralogiques; Archéen; Province de Churchill ; géochimie; minéralogie; géologie économique; Précambrien
Illustrationslocation maps; plots; photographs; histograms; tables
Consultation
Endroit
 
Bibliothèque de Ressources naturelles Canada - Ottawa (Sciences de la Terre)
 
ProgrammeÉtude des gîtes d'or, Initiative géoscientifique ciblée (IGC-4)
Diffusé2015 02 27
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
The geochemical and mineralogic signature, or hydrothermal footprint, of ore deposits has great potential as an exploration tool. In some cases, hydrothermal footprints can be mapped up to several kilometers beyond the economically viable portion of the deposit and thus offers the potential to vector from sub-economic mineralization towards higher-grade ore from district- to deposit-scales. Conventionally, hydrothermal footprints are mapped using some preferred threshold concentration for each pathfinder element, or ratio, of interest. The results are then generally portrayed as stacked geochemical traverses adjacent to known ore bodies. However, the conventional approach inadequately accounts for the multivariate nature of ore processes and the inherently imprecise boundary between barren and mineralized rock. In this contribution we explore alternative methods to define and map the hydrothermal footprint at six gold deposits and ore zones within the Meliadine Gold District (MGD), Nunavut.
MGD host rocks are variably altered (silicified ± sericitized ± sulphidized ± carbonatized ± chloritized) adjacent to BIF-hosted replacement-style gold mineralization and auriferous greenstone-hosted quartz (± ankerite) veins cutting mafic volcanic, interflow sediments and turbiditic successions. Robust principle component analysis defines key element assemblages (Au-Ag-As-S-Te-Bi-W-Sb) that are associated with gold and are enriched from 10s to 100s of meters adjacent to ore zones. We integrate and map pathfinder element enrichment and quantified measures of hydrothermal alteration intensity using a hybrid fuzzy- and conditional probability-based model (weights of evidence) in an effort to further highlight the complementary nature of multivariate datasets and to define fuzzy footprints. The available whole-rock data suggests that multi-element anomalies are, in some instances, better suited for defining broader geochemical anomalies than was apparent from analysis of individual pathfinder elements. We emphasize that samples containing pathfinder element concentrations in excess of some preferred threshold are akin to conventional definitions of geochemical anomalies, but in this case occur primarily in the ore zone and are thus of limited use for vectoring. In contrast, fuzzy footprints delineate the simultaneous occurrence of favourable pathfinder element enrichment and hydrothermal alteration for samples that would have been excluded following the conventional approach. These samples occur in hanging wall and footwall rocks devoid of gold (< 5 ppb), and thus provide a possible vector to high-grade gold ore.
Résumé(Résumé en langage clair et simple, non publié)
L'Initiative géoscientifique ciblée (IGC-4) est un programme géoscientifique fédéral de collaboration qui fournit à l'industrie les connaissances géoscientifiques et les techniques novatrices de prochaine génération dont elle a besoin pour mieux détecter les gîtes minéraux enfouis, réduisant ainsi certains risques liés à l'exploration. Communication livrée au 42e Forum géoscientifique de Yellowknife (du 25 au 27 novembre 2014) qui résume un aspect du projet de recherche de l'IGC-4 dans le district aurifère Meliadine. Les empreintes hydrothermales constituent un moyen important de cibler de nouveaux gisements en sous-sol. Toutefois, elles sont difficiles à cartographier. Dans cet article, nous examinons les avantages de cartographier les empreintes hydrothermales selon une approche probabiliste et nous délimitons des empreintes floues à six gisements d'or dans le district aurifère Meliadine.
GEOSCAN ID295920