|Sujets||pierres à bâtir; marbre, pierre à bâtir; grès, pierre à bâtir; calcaire, pierre à bâtir; granite, pierre à bâtir; marbre, pierre à bâtir; gneiss, pierre à bâtir; orogenèse; érosion; minéraux; roches
sédimentaires; roches ignées; roches volcaniques; roches plutoniques; roches métamorphiques; fossiles; granodiorite, pierre à bâtir; schistes; basaltes; syenite, pierre à bâtir; minéraux industriels|
|Résumé||(disponible en anglais seulement)|
Welcome to the Downtown Vancouver GeoTour!
Our learning about the Earth, geological processes and features, and the relevance of its mineral resources to
life is really best addressed outside of the classroom. While there is much to be said for a back-country field trip, we
can often just go out into our own "backyards" to observe, appreciate and consider these Earth-focused
This professional development field trip for teachers will introduce the local geologic setting and will visit several
historical buildings that use locally quarried stone. Stops at other buildings will show many other different,
exotic, rock types, and will demonstrate through their compositions, textures and structures how they formed (e.g.
igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic.) This tour will also include a stop at the BC Geological Survey for an
to the role of this organization in mineral resource management, and a mid-day stop at the Geological Survey of
Canada for a presentation on the southwest BC tectonic setting and related natural hazards.
This walking tour
for teachers is intended to show how the city centre can be a great local field trip to take with your
students who are learning about geosciences, mineral resources or mining in school, particularly Grade 5 and older.
While using rocks and
minerals as the theme, this field trip will also integrate local human history, transportation,
reading maps, and the GPS, and will, therefore support curriculum more broadly. It will also introduce activities you
might like to repeat when
doing this tour with your students.
The stops on this field are chosen to demonstrate the compositions, textures and internal structures that are key
to interpreting how rocks form and to build understanding of the rock cycle. Along the
way, we hope to cover the
following geoscience concepts and vocabulary:
Igneous: plutonic, volcanic, granite/granodiorite (phenocryst, xenoliths), syenite, basalt (vesicles, columnar
(grain-size, cross-bedding) marine and non-marine fossils, coal, limestone
depositional environments, susceptibility to weathering, burrowing
Metamorphic: gneiss, schist (porphyroblast), slate, marble
Weathering: rust (oxidation), root
break-up (biological), sandstone disintegration, copper oxidation
Man-made mineral products: bricks, concrete, steel, glass, aluminum
SW BC geologic setting, earthquakes, volcanoes, other natural hazard risks
This guide book was will
provide you with brief descriptions of some interesting and accessible stops in the heart of
downtown Vancouver that can be visited along a circular route beginning at the Vancouver Trade and Convention
Centre. To guide this field trip in the
future, it also provides you with a location map, a simple summary diagram of the
rock cycle, a map of SW BC showing the locations of historical and present day quarries referenced in the guide, and
two schematic tectonic cross-sections through