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TitreSynvolcanic Au-Ag±Cu-Zn-Pb massive sulphides, veins and disseminations of the Westwood deposit, Abitibi greenstone belt, Québec
TéléchargerTéléchargements
AuteurYergeau, D; Mercier-Langevin, P; Dubé, B; Jackson, S; Malo, M; Bernier, C; Simard, P
SourceCommission géologique du Canada, Dossier public 7482, 2014, 54 pages, https://doi.org/10.4095/293117
Année2014
ÉditeurRessources naturelles Canada
Documentdossier public
Lang.anglais
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.4095/293117
Mediaen ligne; numérique
Formatspdf
ProvinceQuébec
SNRC32D/01
Lat/Long OENS-78.5000 -78.0000 48.2500 48.0000
Sujetsgisements minéraux; minéralisation; gîtes minéralogiques; or; argent; cuivre; zinc; plomb; sulfures; gîtes sulfureux; altération; altération hydrothermale; Camp minier de Doyon-bousquet-laronde; Dépôt de Westwood ; Ceinture d'Abitibi Greenstone ; Formation de Bousquet ; géologie économique; minéralogie
Illustrationslocation maps; plots; photographs; profiles; ternary diagrams; photomicrographs
ProgrammeÉtude des gîtes d'or, Initiative géoscientifique ciblée (IGC-4)
Diffusé2014 03 02
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
The Westwood deposit (3.715 Moz of Au) includes three distinctive mineralized corridors stacked from north to south: 1) Zone 2 Extension, 2) North Corridor and 3) Westwood Corridor. The Zone 2 Extension consists of cm- to dm-wide pyrite- and chalcopyriterich quartz veins and dissemination zones whereas the North Corridor consists of cm- to dm-wide quartz-pyrite-chalcopyrite ± sphalerite veins and disseminations as well as thin, semi-massive to massive sulphide veins. The hydrothermal envelopes of these two corridors are slightly discordant to the stratigraphy and main foliation. Finally, the Westwood Corridor consists of discontinuous stratabound polymetallic semi-massive to massive sulphide lenses, veins and disseminations.
The Westwood mineralized corridors are part of the Doyon-Bousquet-LaRonde mining camp and are hosted in metavolcanic rocks of the Bousquet Formation (2699-2696 My), which forms a steeply south-dipping, east-trending homoclinal sequence facing south. The study area is metamorphosed to greenschist-amphibolite facies transition and deformation is heterogeneously distributed with high strain corridors typically localized at lithological contacts and within synvolcanic alteration zones.
The Warrenmac massive sulphide lens (Westwood Corridor) is characterized by pyrite-sphalerite-chalcopyrite ± galena-pyrrhotite and is overlain by a highly transposed stringer zone, which are both anomalous in Sn, Hg, As and Sb. Sericite, quartz, biotite, chlorite and Mn-garnet define the metamorphosed proximal alteration assemblage whereas an aluminous alteration assemblage (staurolite, andalusite, kyanite) is preferentially developed at depth (> 1.5 km). Mapping of the Warrenmac discovery outcrop revealed that felsic volcaniclastic rocks hosting the massive sulphide lens are intruded by low-permeability mafic sills which acted as cap rocks for ascending hydrothermal fluids. Moreover, synvolcanic alterations discordant and strongly transposed into the main foliation combined with the presence of abundant sulphide fragments within felsic volcaniclastic breccias suggesting a synvolcanic origin for the Au mineralization.
Zone 2 Extension and Doyon mine mineralization (~1.5 km west of Westwood) are interpreted to be genetically related to the synvolcanic Mooshla pluton whereas Westwood and North corridors have a VMS-type origin and are located on the same stratigraphic horizon as LaRonde Penna mine 20 North lens to the east. U/Pb zircon dating suggest that the three mineralized corridors might have been formed in less than 2 My. The Westwood deposit therefore represents a unique opportunity to test the hypothesis of a continuum between vein-type mineralization associated with a synvolcanic intrusion and auriferous massive sulphide lenses, and thereby contribute to a better understanding of Archean auriferous magmatic-hydrothermal systems. Metallogenic continuums are well documented in younger geological environments such as telescoped porphyry-epithermal systems.
Résumé(Résumé en langage clair et simple, non publié)
L'Initiative géoscientifique ciblée (IGC-4) est un programme géoscientifique fédéral de collaboration qui fournit à l'industrie les connaissances géoscientifiques et les techniques novatrices de prochaine génération dont elle a besoin pour mieux détecter les gîtes minéraux enfouis, réduisant ainsi certains risques liés à l'exploration. Le gisement Westwood est étudié dans le cadre du projet Lode Gold du programme Initiative géoscientifique ciblée 4 visant le développement d'outils plus efficaces pour l'exploration des gisements enfouis. Le gisement Westwood permet d'aborder la problématique des gisements aurifères associés à la mise en place de roches intrusives. Ce document présente les résultats préliminaires de l'étude du gisement Westwood, incluant un survol du contexte géologique et de la nature des différents styles de minéralisation caractérisant ce gisement et définissant des vecteurs d'exploration potentiels.
GEOSCAN ID293117