GEOSCAN, résultats de la recherche


TitreThe role of marine habitat mapping in ecosystem-based management
AuteurCogan, C B; Todd, B J; Noji, T; Lawton, P
SourceICES Annual Science Conference, abstracts; 2009 p. 142
Séries alt.Secteur des sciences de la Terre, Contribution externe 20120079
RéunionICES Annual Science Conference; Halifax, NS; CA; Septembre 22-26, 2008
Documentpublication en série
Mediapapier; en ligne; numérique
ProvinceRégion extracotière de l'est
Lat/Long OENS-66.5833 -66.2500 43.0000 42.0000
Sujetsbiomes; peuplements biologiques; diversification biotique; techniques de cartographie; écosystèmes; organismes marins; écologie marine; milieux marins; etudes fauniques; distribution de la faune; assemblages fauniques; faunes; géologie marine; géologie de l'environnement
ProgrammeLes géosciences à l'appui de la gestion des océans
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
Ecosystem-based management (EBM) and the related concept of large marine ecosystems (LMEs) are sometimes criticized as being too broad to allow any "real progress". At the same time there is a great need to develop substantive methods to empower EBM more effectively. Marine habitat mapping (MHM) is one example of an applied set of field methods that directly support this science and contribute essential elements for conducting integrated ecosystem assessments. This paper places MHM practices in context with biodiversity models and EBM. Marine habitat mapping is shown to be a critical process closely integrated with much needed progress on the broader topic of EBM. Advances in MHM and EBM depend on evolving technological capabilities, conservation targets, and policy priorities within a spatial planning framework. In both cases, the evolving and adaptive nature of these sciences require explicit spatial parameters, clear objectives, combinations of social and scientific considerations, and multiple parameters to assess overlapping viewpoints and ecosystem functions. To examine the commonalities between MHM and EBM, we also address issues of implicit and explicit linkages between classification, mapping, and elements of biodiversity with management goals. Policy objectives such as sustainability, ecosystem health, or the design of marine protected areas are placed in the combined MHM - EBM context.