GEOSCAN, résultats de la recherche


TitreAbsolute gravity calibration of GPS velocities and glacial isostatic adjustment in mid-continent North America
AuteurMazzotti, S; Lambert, A; Henton, J; James, T S; Courtier, N
SourceGeophysical Research Letters vol. 38, L24311, 2011 p. 1-5,
Séries alt.Secteur des sciences de la Terre, Contribution externe 20110195
Documentpublication en série
Mediapapier; en ligne; numérique
ProvinceAlberta; Manitoba; Saskatchewan
SNRC54L/16; 63K/13; 73B/02; 52L/04; 82J/16
Lat/Long OENS-120.0000 -85.0000 60.0000 40.0000
Sujetstélédétection; gravité; interprétations de la pesanteur; relèvement isostatique; géophysique
Illustrationslocation maps; plots
ProgrammeImpacts des changements climatiques et adaptation dans le secteur des ressources naturelles et d'autres secteurs clés de l'économie, Géosciences de changements climatiques
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
We examine absolute gravity (AG) and vertical Global Positioning System (GPS) time series between 1995 and 2010 at eight collocated sites in mid-continent North America. The comparison of AG and GPS rates aligned to ITRF2005 yields a gravity/uplift ratio of -0.17 ± 0.01 uGal mm-1 (1 uGal = 10 nm s-2) and an intercept of -0.1 ± 0.5 mm yr-1. In contrast, aligning the GPS velocities to ITRF2000 results in a gravity/uplift intercept of -1.3 ±0.5 mm yr-1. The near-zero gravity/uplift offset for the ITRF2005 (or ITRF2008) results shows a good alignment of the GPS vertical velocities to Earth's center of mass, and confirms that GPS velocities in this reference frame can be compared to predictions of geodynamic processes such as glacial isostatic adjustment (GIA) or sea-level rise. The observed gravity/uplift ratio is consistent with GIA model predictions. The ratio remains constant in regions of fast and slow uplift, indicating that
GIA is the primary driving process and that additional processes such as local hydrology have a limited impact on a decadal time-scale. Combining AG and GPS measurements can provide significant constraints for geodetic, geodynamic, and hydrological studies.