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TitreThe Lomonosov Ridge stable position during the opening of the Arctic Ocean
AuteurJackson, H R; Funck, T; Hell, B
Séries alt.Secteur des sciences de la Terre, Contribution externe 20110133
RéunionInternational conference on Arctic Margins (ICAM6)
ProgrammePréparation d'une soumission pour un plateau continental élargi dans les océans Atlantique et Arctique sur le droit de la mer (UNCLOS), Délimitation du plateau continental du Canada en vertu de la Convention des Nations Unies sur le droit de la mer (UNCLOS)
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
The Lomonosov Ridge crosses the Arctic Ocean from north of Ellesmere Island and Greenland to near the New Siberian Islands. The position of the ridge adjacent to its North American termination is constrained by the onshore circum-Arctic geology and substantiated by offshore geophysical data. The earliest geological event that indicates its location occurred in the Late Devonian-Early Carboniferous. The docking of continental block, presumably derived from Baltica that some authors believe to be Svalbard, against Ellesmere Island caused the Innuitian (Ellesmerian) Orogeny. It has been postulated that this event created the core of the Lomonosov Ridge. Through the Late Paleozoic to Mesozoic close stratigraphic ties with the Sverdrup Basin (on the Canadian Arctic Islands), Svalbard and Franz Josef Land are well documented. The Lincoln Sea basin, whose architecture is defined using refraction results, provides a link between diverse areas in the Arctic prior to seafloor spreading. Comparison of refraction profiles from Franz Josef Land and the Lomonosov Ridge near the pole show similarities, supporting the close proximity of the ridge to the Kara Sea margin. The location of the Lomonosov Ridge is also constrained by a radiating dyke swarm that originates on the plateau of the Lomonosov Ridge adjacent Canada and Greenland that can be traced to Svalbard and Franz Josef Land. The age of the 350 km wide dyke swarm on Franz Josef Land, and dykes on Svalbard are not tightly constrained but are sufficient to determine the ridge's position in the Early Cretaceous.
The Lomonosov Ridge's stable position and narrow width in the Arctic Ocean mean that the stratigraphy of archipelagos of Franz Josef Land and Svalbard are useful in deterring the age of opening of the Canada Basin. Svalbard has a continuous record of sedimentation with accumulation occurring from the late Paleozoic to Mesozoic. Surprisingly, the stratigraphic record was interrupted in the Cretaceous when there was a worldwide high stand of sea level. This non depositional event is postulated to be caused by the opening of the Amerasia Basin. The stratigraphy on Franz Josef Land has also recorded this event and is less likely to have been influenced by the opening of the North Atlantic at a later date. The age of the break up unconformity from Franz Josef Land, Svalbard and the Canadian Arctic Islands is Hauterivian.
The Lomonosov Ridge has been called a two-sided continental margin. The Eurasia Basin margin is a rifted margin with seafloor spreading occurring as early as anomaly 25. Prior to that anomaly the Lomonosov Ridge was part of the margin of Barents and Kara seas. The sedimentary sequence on the Makarov Basin side of the Lomonosov Ridge near the North Pole is thicker than at the margins. The sedimentary distribution is consistent with this portion of the Lomonosov Ridge lying adjacent the St Anna Trough on the Kara Sea margin during the opening of the Canada Basin. It has been suggested that the Makarov Basin margin has been either a rifted or a transform margin.

The Lomonosov Ridge divides the Arctic Ocean into two major basins, is a double sided continental margin and its position has been stable relative to Canadian Arctic Islands since the Innuitian Orogeny.