GEOSCAN, résultats de la recherche


TitreMorphology and sedimentary architecture of a modern volcaniclastic turbidite system: The Cilaos fan, offshore La Réunion Island
AuteurSisavath, E; Babonneau, N; Saint-Ange, F; Bachèlery, P; Jorry, S J; Deplus, C; De Voogd, B; Savoye, B
SourceMarine Geology vol. 288, 2011 p. 1-17, (Accès ouvert)
Séries alt.Secteur des sciences de la Terre, Contribution externe 20110131
ÉditeurElsevier BV
Documentpublication en série
Mediapapier; en ligne; numérique
Lat/Long OENS 54.0000 57.0000 -20.0000 -22.0000
Sujetsroches ignées; roches volcaniques; volcanoclastique; turbidites; cônes alluviaux; cônes sous-marins; canyons sous-marins; géologie marine
Illustrationslocation maps; aerial photographs; tables; profiles
ProgrammeGéoscience en mer, La géoscience pour les développements extracôtiers de la côte est
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
Recent oceanographic surveys revealed the existence of five volcaniclastic deep-sea fans off La Réunion Island. The Cilaos fan is a large volcaniclastic submarine fan, connected to rivers that episodically experience torrential floods through a narrow and steep shelf–slope system. New piston cores presented in this study together with echosounder profiles give new insight into the evolution of this extensive and sand-rich turbidite system. The Cilaos fan extends over 15,000 km2 on an abyssal plain and is compartmentalized by topographic highs. Located southwest of the island, the sedimentary system consists of a canyon area and a deep sea fan divided into a proximal and a distal fan. The proximal fan is characterized by its wide extent and coarse-grained turbidites. The distal fan is characterized by elongated structures and fine-grained turbidites. A detailed morphological study of the fan which includes the analysis of swath bathymetry, backscatter, echosounder, and piston core data shows that the Cilaos fan is a complex volcaniclastic deep-sea fan, highly influenced by preexisting seafloor irregularities. The canyons and the slope area show a complex and evolving sediment feeding system with a direct sediment input by the river and irregular sediment supply by submarine landslide. Three main construction stages are identified for this system: (1) an old incision phase of the channels forming wide turbidites extending over the entire distal fan; (2) a period of no or low activity characterized by a thick layer of hemipelagic mud; and (3) a local reactivation of the channel in the proximal fan. Each stage seems to be linked to a different sediment source with a progressively increasing contribution of hemipelagic sediment and mud in younger stages.