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TitreDistribution of diagenetic minerals in Lower Cretaceous sandstones and their relationship to lithofacies from a proximal to distal transect: Como P-21, Panuke B-90, Cohasset A-52, Balmoral M-32 and Lawrence D-14 wells, Scotian Basin
AuteurKarim, A; Pe-Piper, G; Piper, D J W
SourceCommission géologique du Canada, Dossier public 6823, 2011, 379 pages, (Accès ouvert)
ÉditeurRessources naturelles Canada
Documentdossier public
Medianumérique; en ligne
Référence reliéeCette publication est reliée les publications suivantes
ProvinceRégion extracotière de l'est
Lat/Long OENS -61.0000 -60.0000 44.2500 43.7500
SujetsCrétacé inférieur; grès; lithofaciès; analyses stratigraphiques; corrélations stratigraphiques; modèles stratigraphiques; diagenèse; puits; analyses par microscope électronique; milieu sédimentaire; carottes; analyses pétrographiques; kaolinite; s l dérite; chlorite; calcite; ankérite; Champ de Glenelg ; Puit Como P-21 ; Puit Panuke B-90 ; Puit Cohasset A-52 ; Puit Balmoral M-32 ; Puit Lawrence D-14 ; géologie marine; stratigraphie; sédimentologie; minéralogie; Crétacé; Jurassique
Illustrationsanalyses; location maps
ProgrammeGéoscience en mer, La géoscience pour les développements extracôtiers de la côte est
Diffusé2011 02 17
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
Diagenetic cements are of decisive importance in determining the reservoir quality. It is therefore important to understand how such cements form. Only a few recent studies of diagenetic alteration have been published for the Scotian basin. The spatial and temporal distribution of diagenetic cements has been interpreted in relationship to lithofacies of the Lower Cretaceous sandstones from a proximal to distal transect from 5 wells (Como P-21, Panuke B-90, Cohasset A-52, Balmoral M-32, and Lawrence D-14). Polished thin sections were studied by optical microscopy and electron microprobe to characterize grain size, texture, and chemical composition of diagenetic minerals.
Kaolinite, pyrite, illite, quartz overgrowths, early and late carbonates are the diagenetic minerals cementing the Lower Cretaceous sandstones. Kaolinite, early calcite I, Fe-calcite I, siderite A and B occur in fluvial and river-mouth to prodeltaic sandstones; lithofacies strongly influenced by meteoric water and with not much organic carbon. Siderite hemispheres are restricted to estuary sandstones and intertidal to subtidal sandstones. Pyrite is abundant in tidalestuary to fluvial sandstones, transgressive, shoreface sandstones, and in river-mouth to prodeltaic turbidites. The highest amounts of pyrite were found in samples lacking early calcite I and Fe-calcite I cements. Quartz overgrowths occur in all lithofacies, and better developed in coarse sandstones. Late carbonate cements including Fe-calcite II and ankerite occur in most of the lithofacies including tidal-estuary to fluvial sandstones, prodeltaic turbidites, sand flat-intertidal to subtidal sandstones, and in shoreface sandstones. Abundance of late carbonate cements are partly related to limestones and bioclastic sandstones in the section; samples with high amounts of late carbonate cements were found either below or above intervals rich in
bioclasts or limestones.
In summary, in the Como-Panuke-Cohasset-Balmoral-Lawrence transect, the succession seems to be more marine from Como to Lawrence. Kaolinite is abundant in Como, Panuke and Cohasset and it is rare in Balmoral and absent in Lawrence, whereas carbonate cements are rare in Como and more abundant in Panuke, Cohasset, Balmoral and Lawrence. Limestones and bioclasts are the source of some of the calcium for the late carbonate cements. This study demonstrates that the distribution of diagenetic minerals and their impact on reservoir-quality evolution can be better elucidated when linked to lithofacies.