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TitreAlternating bottom-current-dominated and gravity-flow-dominated deposition in a lower slope and rise setting- Insights from the seismic geomorphology of the western Scotian margin, Eastern Canada
AuteurCampbell, D C; Deptuck, M E
SourceApplication of the Principles Seismic Geomorphology to Continental Slope and Base-of-slope Systems: Case Studies from Seafloor and Near-Seafloor Analogues; par Prather, B E (éd.); Deptuck, M E (éd.); Mohrig, D (éd.); Van Hoorn, B (éd.); Wynn, R B (éd.); Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Special Publications no. 99, 2012 p. 329-346, https://doi.org/10.2110/pec.12.99.0329
Année2012
Séries alt.Secteur des sciences de la Terre, Contribution externe 20100121
ÉditeurSEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology)
Documentpublication en série
Lang.anglais
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.2110/pec.12.99.0329
Mediapapier; en ligne; numérique
Formatspdf
ProvinceRégion extracotière de l'est
SNRC20P
Lat/Long OENS -65.0000 -63.0000 43.0000 41.5000
Sujetstopographie du fond océanique; levés au sonar; antecedents de sedimentation; sedimentation; milieu sédimentaire; turbidites; mouvement de masse; talus continental; formation de pentes; sédiments marins; érosion
Illustrationslocation maps; seismic reflection profiles; seismic images
ProgrammeLa géoscience pour les développements extracôtiers de la côte est, Géoscience en mer
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
The seismic geomorphology of a succession of alternating gravity flow- and bottom current-dominated deposits along the continental slope and rise off western Nova Scotia demonstrates the importance of inherited geomorphology on subsequent deposition patterns in mixed turbidite and contourite depositional systems. In the study area, widespread mass wasting and channel incision during the Miocene created a steep ramp with a complex geomorphology along the lower continental slope. In the Late Miocene and Pliocene, a sediment drift was constructed on the continental rise, forming a 50 km wide terrace that onlapped the steeper slope. The location, style, and evolution of sediment waves associated with this sediment drift appear strongly linked to the morphology of the underlying surface. The orientation and extent of wave crests show strong correspondence to underlying geomorphic elements, with the most prominent sediment waves forming down-current of seafloor perturbations like failure escarpments and salt diapirs. The erosive and constructional morphology of the contour current swept seafloor in turn strongly influenced the trajectory and response of subsequent down-slope-oriented submarine sediment gravity flows later in the Pliocene. Preferential accumulation took place above a regional terrace constructed as the sediment drift evolved, promoting deposition from sediment gravity flows that may have otherwise been transported into deeper water. The positive relief of wave crests guided sediment gravity flows down the slope, with erosion and deposition focused along wave troughs. This study highlights the complex feedback that exists between along-slope and down-slope constructional and degradational processes.
GEOSCAN ID286006