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TitreThermal history and the relationship between diagenesis and the reservoir connectivity: Venture field, offshore Nova Scotia, eastern Canada
AuteurKarim, A; Pe-Piper, G; Piper, D J W; Hanley, J J
SourceCommission géologique du Canada, Dossier public 6557, 2010, 256 pages, (Accès ouvert)
ÉditeurRessources naturelles Canada
Documentdossier public
Medianumérique; en ligne
ProvinceRégion extracotière de l'est
Lat/Long OENS-61.0000 -59.0000 44.3333 43.0000
SujetsJurassique supérieur; Crétacé inférieur; hydrocarbures; capacité de production d'hydrocarbures; grès; lithofaciès; analyses stratigraphiques; corrélations stratigraphiques; modèles stratigraphiques; diagenèse; roches sédimentaires; carbonates; roches carbonatées; milieu sédimentaire; analyses pétrographiques; pétrographie; paragenèse; inclusions fluides; antecedents thermiques; Puit Venture B-52 ; Puit Venture B-13 ; Puit Venture H- 22 ; géologie marine; combustibles fossiles; stratigraphie; Mésozoïque; Crétacé; Jurassique
Illustrationstables; photomicrographs; location maps
ProgrammeGéoscience en mer, Analyse de bassin et ressources géoscientifiques
Diffusé2010 04 01
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous sandstones of the Scotian Basin, offshore eastern Canada, are important gas reservoirs. A study of fluid inclusions related to diagenetic cements provides constraints on the fluid flow history through the rocks. Conventional cores were logged from the Venture B-52, Venture B-13 and Venture H-22 wells. Lithofacies were described and interpreted. Diagenetic minerals including late carbonate cements were analysed from different stratigraphic levels and related to the known reservoir connectivity sequence. A total of 122 primary and secondary fluid inclusions have been analysed from five samples from the Venture B-52, Venture 1, and Venture 4 wells.
Homogenisation temperature values in the primary aqueous inclusions hosted in late carbonate cements range from 109 to 135 °C. The values in the earlier quartz overgrowths are slightly lower, ranging from 92 to 121 °C. The ice-melting temperatures from primary inclusions in both quartz overgrowths and late carbonate cements indicate high fluid salinities, between 17 and 20 wt.% NaCl equivalent and 24 to 30 wt.% CaCl equivalent, respectively. Some secondary, predominantly aqueous, inclusions were observed that contain liquid hydrocarbons. They are hosted in detrital quartz, or cross-cut detrital quartz, quartz overgrowths, and late carbonate cements or they occur in microfractures. All have similar homogenization temperatures to primary inclusions, ranging from 82 to 132 °C. However, the melting temperatures range from - 20.2 to 0.8 °C, indicating very dilute fluids with low salinities that range from 4 to 14 wt.% NaCl equivalent. Secondary CO2 inclusions, postdating quartz overgrowths, were found with CO2 melting temperatures indicating the presence of hydrocarbons (avg. - 58 °C) and homogenization temperatures (avg. -10 °C) indicating a relatively high density (i.e., deep trapping depth) carbonic phase.
Late carbonate cements are different in the same Industry Sandstone from different wells, indicating that the late carbonate cementation may be at least partly controlled by the reservoir fill and spill sequence, as connected reservoirs show similar late carbonate assemblages. The hydrocarbon migration postdates the late carbonate cementation and the gas reservoir has been charged by aqueous fluids with different salinities during its history. The temperatures determined from Venture samples are higher than present temperatures, implying a thermal maximum at an unknown time in the past. There is no seismic evidence for significant basin inversion in these wells, suggesting the involvement of hot fluids and a higher geothermal gradient than the present ~30 °C/ km.