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TitreIdentification and dating of a key Late Pleistocene stratigraphic unit in the St. Lawrence Estuary and Gulf (Eastern Canada)
AuteurSt-Onge, G; Lajeunesse, P; Duchesne, M J; Gagné, H
SourceQuaternary Science Reviews vol. 27, 2008 p. 2390-2400, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.08.023
Année2008
Séries alt.Secteur des sciences de la Terre, Contribution externe 20080376
ÉditeurElsevier BV
Documentpublication en série
Lang.anglais
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.08.023
Mediapapier; en ligne; numérique
Formatspdf
ProvinceQuébec
Lat/Long OENS-70.0000 -63.5000 50.0000 48.0000
SujetsPléistocène; topographie du fond océanique; topographie du fond océanique; bathymétrie; levés géophysiques; levés sismiques; levés sismiques marins; levés de reflexion sismiques; sédiments marins; sédiments marins; milieux marins; datations au radiocarbone; datation au radiocarbone; faciès sédimentaires; sedimentation; géologie des dépôts meubles/géomorphologie; stratigraphie; géologie marine; géophysique; géochronologie; Cénozoïque; Quaternaire
Illustrationslocation maps; profiles; seismic profiles; tables
ProgrammeLes géosciences à l'appui de la gestion des océans
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
A recently acquired ~8 m-long sediment core along with high-resolution seismic reflection and subbottom profiler sections allowed the identification, characterization and dating of a widespread seismic unit extending from the head of the Laurentian Channel (Lower St. Lawrence Estuary) to Honguedo Strait (Gulf of St. Lawrence), Eastern Canada. This seismic unit (labelled unit 2) is characterized by a series of parallel high-amplitude reflections with thicknesses ranging from 68 m near the head of the Laurentian Channel to <5 m in Honguedo Strait. This seismic unit is generally observed below a very thick sequence of postglacial sediments that can reach >250 m in the St. Lawrence Estuary, leaving it very difficult to be reached by conventional coring operations. Here, we reveal how we were able to trace and core this seismic unit in an area where it lays closer to the seafloor near the southern wall of the Laurentian Channel in the Lower St. Lawrence Estuary. This seismic unit consists of two sedimentary facies: sandy mud including ice-rafted debris (IRD) underlying faintly laminated to homogenous and plastic silty clays. Based on the sedimentary facies, we interpret the upper clays as ice-distal glaciomarine sediments and the lower sandier sediments as ice-proximal glaciomarine sediments. This interpretation is further supported by the fact that no seismic nor sediment facies present above seismic unit 2 throughout the Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence can be linked to glacial (i.e., ice-contact sediments such as till, moraines, esker, etc) sediments. Seismic unit 2 is highly disturbed by iceberg scouring in the Gulf of St. Lawrence where it is found at shallower depths, indicating that it was deposited during deglaciation. The available AMS 14C dates obtained in the ice-proximal glaciomarine sediments indicate that the lower part of seismic unit 2 was deposited during local re-advances or stillstands of the Laurentide Ice Sheet margins in the Goldthwait Sea that began at or before the Younger Dryas cold event (11100 - 10 000 yr BP) and that seismic unit 2 can be used as a chronostratigraphic marker throughout the St. Lawrence Estuary and northwestern Gulf of St Lawrence.
GEOSCAN ID225798