GEOSCAN, résultats de la recherche


Titre3-D visualization of structural field data: examples from the Archean Caopatina Formation, Abitibi greenstone belt, Québec, Canada
Auteurde Kemp, E A
SourceComputers and Geosciences vol. 26, S0098-3004(99)00142-9, 2000 p. 509-530,
Séries alt.Secteur des sciences de la Terre, Contribution externe 20070082
ÉditeurElsevier BV
Documentpublication en série
Mediapapier; en ligne; numérique
SNRC32G/15; 32G/16
Lat/Long OENS -75.0000 -74.0000 50.0000 49.7500
Sujetsétablissement de modèles structuraux; interpretations structurelles; logiciel; cartographie par ordinateur; techniques de cartographie; Archéen; minéralisation; lithostratigraphie; Formation de Caopatina ; Ceinture d'Abitibi Greenstone ; système d'information géographique; géomathématique; géologie structurale; Précambrien
Illustrationsblock diagrams; shetch maps; photographs; 3-D models
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
A series of 3-D visualization approaches is presented with the aim of developing better interpretation tools for field-based geologists. Structural data from outcrop, mine and regional scales are used to create speculative 3-D surfaces that can be useful in addressing geological problems. These tools could help in resolving cryptic early fold geometries, extending stratiform mineralizations and the sub-surface interpretation of regional thrusts, unconformities or key lithostratigraphic boundaries. Using sparse data sets from the low-relief and structurally complex Archean Abitibi greenstone belt, I have demonstrated that speculative models can be created from such challenging terrains, provided that existing data are respected and that appropriate methods are applied at a given scale. Examples focus on optimizing the 3-D editing environment for making better interpretations. Applied techniques include custom projections of surface traces, 3-D digitizing, simple Bézier surface patches, and non-cylindrical fold construction using field based plunge models. These are implemented as several UNIX AWK programs in conjunction with commercial 3-D visualization and modeling software gOcad© and EarthVision©. This integration and visualization study shows that complex fold geometries can be more rigorously constructed using constraining structural field data, but that current 3-D technologies are still very cumbersome for hard rock applications. Future development of field based case studies that will help validate and communicate the benefit of these methods is much needed, and will hopefully better articulate specific requirements to software developers. Professional 3-D software developers are encouraged to work towards the implementation of these types of programs in order to move the regional mapping community beyond 2-D and 21/2-D GIS-based modeling. National surveys and explorationists who are responsible for the collection, management, and archiving of geoscience data need to be diligent in maintaining their structural field data. This will be especially critical as 3-D visualization and modeling techniques, such as those I have presented here, become available to the bedrock mapping community.