GEOSCAN, résultats de la recherche


TitreLate Quaternary stratigraphy and sedimentology of Orphan Basin: implications for meltwater dispersal in the southern Labrador Sea
AuteurTripsanas, E K; Piper, D J W
SourcePalaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology vol. 260, 2008 p. 521-539,
Séries alt.Secteur des sciences de la Terre, Contribution externe 20070026
ÉditeurElsevier BV
Documentpublication en série
Mediapapier; en ligne; numérique
ProvinceRégion extracotière de l'est
Lat/Long OENS-51.0000 -46.0000 51.0000 48.0000
Sujetsmarges continentales; transport des sediments; faciès sédimentaires; milieu sédimentaire; dépôts glaciaires; antecedents glaciaires; turbidites; coulées de débris; marges glaciaires; chenaux d'eau de fonte; lithofaciès; lithostratigraphie; pétrographie; stratigraphie; sédimentologie; géologie des dépôts meubles/géomorphologie; Cénozoïque; Quaternaire
Illustrationslocation maps; photographs; stratigraphic columns
ProgrammeLes géosciences à l'appui de la gestion des océans
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
Orphan Basin is a deep-water basin on the continental margin off Newfoundland, which throughout the late Quaternary received proglacial sediment from local ice that crossed the continental shelf. Sediment from more distant sources was transported southward in the Labrador Current as proglacial plumes and in icebergs. Five sedimentary facies related to glacial processes are distinguished in cores recovered from Orphan Basin: hemipelagic sediment, nepheloid-layer deposits (layeredmud), beds rich in ice-rafted detritus (IRD), sand and mud turbidites, and glaciogenic debris-flow deposits. IRD-rich beds correspond to periods of intensified iceberg calving, and layered mud, turbidites, and glaciogenic debris-flow deposits with glacial meltwater discharge. In the Late Wisconsinan, eight periods of meltwater discharge and iceberg calving from the Newfoundland ice sheet are interpreted from the sediment facies in Orphan Basin. These discharges coincide with the terminations of the colder periods of the D - O cycles recorded in Greenland ice cores. The oldest minor meltwater event (27.5 - 28.5 cal ka) corresponds to the first Late Wisconsinan ice advance across the Grand Banks and NE Newfoundland Shelf. The following three meltwater discharges (23 - 23.5, 23.8 - 24.5, and 25 - 27 cal ka) deposited sand turbidites and glaciogenic debris-flow deposits seaward of Trinity Trough, which was occupied by an ice stream at this time, and mud turbidites in the southern part of the basin derived from a mid-shelf ice margin on the Grand Banks. Four periods of meltwater discharge occurred during the deglaciation and are centered at 15, 18.5, 19.75, and 20.75 cal ka. The youngest is correlated to Heinrich event 1. In the literature, the 18.5 and 20.75 cal ka events have been recorded in multiple glacial settings in the North Atlantic, and therefore, are interpreted as large-scale events of meltwater discharge and iceberg calving, but in Orphan Basin the 19.75 cal ka event is also of similar scale.