GEOSCAN, résultats de la recherche


TitreShort-lived mantle generated magmatic events and their dyke swarms: the key unlocking Earth's palaeogeographic record back to 2.6 Ga
AuteurBleeker, W; Ernst, R
SourceDyke swarms - time markers of crustal evolution: proceedings of the Fifth International Conference (IDC-5); par Hanski, E (éd.); Mertanen, S (éd.); Rämö, T (éd.); Vuollo, J (éd.); 2006 p. 3-26
LiensOnline - En ligne
Séries alt.Secteur des sciences de la Terre, Contribution externe 2005505
ÉditeurTaylor & Francis |a London, UK (London, UK)
Réunion5th International Dyke Conference (IDC-5); Rovaniemi; FI; juillet 31 - août 3, 2005
Sujetspaléogéographie; magmatisme; filons rocheux; dérive des continents; croûte continentale; évolution tectonique; antécédents tectoniques; interprétations tectoniques; modèles tectoniques; Archéen; craton; volcanisme; pétrologie ignée et métamorphique; tectonique; géologie structurale
Illustrationssketch maps; location maps; structural diagrams
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
The continents preserve a rich record of short-lived mantle-generated magmatic events through time and space. Many of these events can now be dated routinely and precisely, with a resolution of a couple of million years or better. The spatial and temporal association of such events with rifting and continental break-up leads to remnants being preserved on originally adjacent (conjugate) margins and their respective hinterlands. Originally adjacent but now distant pieces of crust are thus likely to share remnants of one, if not several, short-lived
magmatic events. The overall record of short-lived magmatic events ("magma bursts") in a particular fragment of continental crust defines, in essence, a high-resolution "barcode" that characterizes the ancestry of that piece of crust. Originally adjacent pieces of crust ("nearest neighbours") are thus likely to share part of their barcodes. Even though break-up margins may be severely modified and reworked during subsequent events, and many of the break-up related volcanic rocks may have long been eroded, associated dyke swarms have high preservation potential and are likely to preserve within them the high-resolution spatial and temporal
information needed to allow successful paleogeographic reconstructions. Other independent, but generally more fuzzy data can then be used to test specific reconstructions based on the precise "piercing points" provided by coeval dyke swarms. In this paper we illustrate the general methodology and propose a new and detailed Superior-Hearne-Karelia reconstruction forming the core of 2.7-2.1 Ga supercraton Superia. In general, a complete characterization of all fragments of continental crust in terms of their magmatic event barcodes would be the most efficient way to solve Earth's pre-Pangaea paleogeographic evolution, as far back as 2.6 Ga.
High-resolution ages are the most efficient early filter to focus further work (e.g. paleomagnetism, geochemistry) on globally significant events. Only several hundred new ages would be required to catalyze a quantum leap of progress in this overall field. To store andefficiently disseminate all relevant data on short-lived magmatic events, we urgently need a peer-reviewed global database, similar to other formal databases in related fields that deal with globally significant datasets. To stimulate the creation of such an international database we herein propose datasheets that list the kind of information required for each short-lived magmatic event.