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TitreLaw of the Sea in Canada and its significance for better understanding the offshore
AuteurVerhoef, J; Shimeld, J; Jackson, H R
SourceGAC-MAC-CSPG-CSSS Halifax 2005, building bridges - across science, through time, around the world: abstracts/AGC-AMC-SCGP-SCSS Halifax 2005, Jeter des ponts entre les disciplines scientifiques, les époques, et unifier le monde : recueil des résumés; AGC-AMC-SCGP-SCSS Reunion conjoint, Receuil des Résumés vol. 30, 2005 p. 200
LiensUNCLOS
Année2005
Séries alt.Secteur des sciences de la Terre, Contribution externe 2004358
ÉditeurGAC-MAC-CSPG-CSSS
RéunionHalifax 2005: GAC/MAC/CSPG/CSSS Joint Annual Meeting; Halifax, NS; CA; mai 15-18, 2005
Documentpublication en série
Lang.anglais
Mediapapier; en ligne; numérique
Formatspdf
ProvinceColombie-Britannique; Alberta; Saskatchewan; Manitoba; Ontario; Québec; Nouveau-Brunswick; Nouvelle-Écosse; Île-du-Prince-Édouard; Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador; Territoires du Nord-Ouest; Yukon; Nunavut
SNRC1; 2; 3; 10; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33; 34; 35; 36; 37; 38; 39; 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46; 47; 48; 49; 52; 53; 54; 55; 56; 57; 58; 59; 62; 63; 64; 65; 66; 67; 68; 69; 72; 73; 74; 75; 76; 77; 78; 79; 82; 83; 84; 85; 86; 87; 88; 89; 92; 93; 94; 95; 96; 97; 98; 99; 102; 103; 104; 105; 106; 107; 114O; 114P; 115; 116; 117; 120; 340; 560
Lat/Long OENS-141.0000 -50.0000 90.0000 41.7500
Sujetsmarges continentales; milieu côtièr
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
In November of 2003 Canada ratified the International Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). Article 76 of UNCLOS specifies how
a country with wide continental margins can extend its jurisdiction beyond 200 nautical miles. On the Atlantic and Arctic margins of Canada the possibility of increasing the territory by the size of the three prairie provinces exists. Adjacent the coast line, a country has jurisdiction over the air, water, seafloor and below the seabed. With increasing distance the rights are reduced. Up to the maximum limit a country gains control over the mineral and biological resources of the seabed and jurisdiction in matters related to the environment and conservation. The parameters for extending the continental margin are defined in terms of bathymetry and geology. In September of 2004 the sum of $70 million was allocated to the Departments of Natural Resources and Fisheries and Oceans to obtain the data and prepare the claim. The claim must be submitted within ten years of ratification (November 2013). Activities are underway on the Canadian Arctic and Atlantic margins; for example, a compilation of the available data is being assembled. In the Arctic Ocean sea ice restricts operations, so that a specialized logistic effort is required to collect new data to meet the guide lines provided by the Commission on the Limits of the
Continental Shelf. Canadian and Danish claims abut over the Lomonosov Ridge and a joint project is planned for the Spring of 2006 to determine if the Lomonosov Ridge meets the Test of Appurtenance. Logistics, costs and data will be shared. A summary of the planned
experiment will be given. On the Atlantic coast the operations are logistically simpler but perhaps scientifically more complex. Much of the seismic and hydrographic survey work will be contracted out. Swath bathymetry and multichannel seismic reflection profiles will be
acquired. The interpretation of the data and preparation of the submission will be done by the team assembled to prepare the claim.
Eventually, the data will be available to the scientific community.
GEOSCAN ID220136