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TitreSedimentology and permafrost characteristics of pingo-like features (PLFs) from the Beaufort Sea shelf, NWT, Canada
AuteurMedioli, B E; Dallimore, S R; Nixon, F M; Dallimore, A; Blasco, S; Paull, C K; McLaughlin, F; Ussler, W; Davies, E; McLaughlin, F
Source2004 American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting: abstracts; Eos, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union vol. 85, no. 47 (Fall Meeting Supplement), 2004, 1 pages
LiensOnline - En ligne
Année2004
Séries alt.Secteur des sciences de la Terre, Contribution externe 2004167
ÉditeurAmerican Geophysical Union
Réunion2004 American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting; San Francisco, CA; US; décembre 13-17, 2004
Documentpublication en série
Lang.anglais
Mediapapier; en ligne; numérique
Formatshtml
ProvinceTerritoires du Nord-Ouest; Yukon
SNRC97; 98; 99; 107; 108
Lat/Long OENS-164.0000 -120.0000 76.0000 68.0000
Sujetssédiments marins; sédiments marins; structures sédimentaires; pergélisol; bioturbation; macrofossiles; silts; argiles; glace fossile; topographie du fond océanique; pingos; milieu côtièr; géologie marine; sédimentologie
ProgrammeLes hydrates de gaz - carburant de l'avenir?
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
Pingo-like features (PLFs) are rounded positive relief features commonly found on Beaufort Sea shelf, NWT. PLFs occur in water depths from 20 to 200m, are typically a few hundred meters in diameter and rise 10 to 35m above the seafloor. In the fall of 2003, an MBARI-USGS-GSC-DFO coring and geophysical study was undertaken of a number of PLFs. The crests, flanks and moats of 8 PLFs, as well as background shelf sites, were vibra-cored. Upon recovery, core temperatures of moat sediments ranged from 2.0 to -0.5 deg C and no ice bonding was observed. Sediments consisted of dark-olive-grey to black muds with shells. Sedimentary structures were rare with some finely laminated to finely-color-banded beds. Intense bioturbation, in situ marine shells and a lack of terriginous macrofossils suggest moat sediments were deposited in a shallow coastal environment. In some instances, a down core grain size coarsening was observed with higher organic content suggesting a gradational environment towards more lagoonal conditions. Core temperatures from the 8 PLFs were 0 to -1.7 deg C, significantly colder than the moat sediments. Ice-bonded permafrost was encountered within 1m of the seabed with visible ice content up to 40% by volume. Several ice-bonded intervals were preserved frozen for detailed investigation in the lab. The observed ground ice in the cores was quite unique when compared with visible ice forms commonly seen in regional terrestrial sections. The ice gave the core a vuggy texture with individual ice-filled vugs 10 to 200 mm3. Vugs were typically flattened to ovoid. When thawed, the ice produced excess water resulting in a very soft texture. In many cases the vuggy texture was maintained with sediment voids forming where the ice was. PLF crest sediments were massive silty clays with clayey silts and muddy fine sand interbeds. They generally lack sedimentary structures, although this may have been due to sediment structure loss upon thawing. The background seafloor sediments consisted of unfrozen, massive silty sands and sandy silts and were distinct from the crest and moat sediments. In several cores, a sharp transition was noted to well-sorted sands. This lower unit may represent a transgressed terrestrial sequence. Research continues to determine the origin of the PLFs and quantify the role of permafrost and ice formation.
GEOSCAN ID215915