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TitreGroundwater-related thallium transfer processes and their impacts on the ecosystem: southwest Guizhou Province, China
AuteurXiao, T; Boyle, D; Guha, J; Rouleau, A; Hong, Y; Zheng, B
SourceApplied Geochemistry 18, 2003 p. 675-691, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0883-2927(02)00154-3
Année2003
Séries alt.Commission géologique du Canada, Contributions aux publications extérieures 2003011
ÉditeurElsevier BV
Documentpublication en série
Lang.anglais
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1016/s0883-2927(02)00154-3
Mediapapier; en ligne; numérique
Formatspdf
Lat/Long OENS 106.0000 107.0000 27.0000 26.0000
Sujetseau souterraine; géochimie des eaux souterraines; pollution de l'eau souterraine; géochimie du thallium; écosystèmes; analyses de l'eau; hydrogéologie; géochimie
Illustrationssketch maps; ternary diagrams; tables
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
The small karstic watershed of Lanmuchang, in a Hg-Tl mineralized area in SW Guizhou Province, China, exhibits an enrichment of toxic Tl in groundwater and related stream water. This affords an excellent demonstration of the natural processes of Tl dispersion, and the resultant impact on the local ecosystem. The distribution of Tl in the water system follows a decreasing concentration pattern from deep groundwater to stream water to shallow groundwater. Tl shows high levels (13-1100 ug/L) in deep groundwater within the Tl-mineralized area, decreasing with distance away from the mineralized area to background levels (0.005 ug/L). The distribution of Tl in the water system is constrained by Tl mineralization, water-rock interactions and hydrogeological conditions. Tl concentrations in waters generally correlate with concentrations of total dissolved solids, sulphate, Ca and pH values, suggesting the contribution of water-rock interactions to water geochemistry. Water-rock interactions are driven by weathering of Tl-bearing sulfides which decreases pH values in groundwater, and by dissolution of limestone enhanced by acid fluids. Tl in stream water in both the base-flow and flood-flow regimes shows higher concentrations than it does in shallow groundwater that serves as the stream's source (mainly springs, dug-well flows and karstic cave waters). Concentrations of Tl in stream water in the flood-flow regime are generally lower than in the base-flow regime due to dilution effects, but those in the waters of mid-stream are almost the same as in the base-flow regime, probably due to contribution from Tl-rich soil water seepage or from acid mine drainage (AMD). Unexpectedly, Tl concentrations in stream water in both regimes are remarkably higher (2-30 fold) downstream than up- and mid-stream. These pronounced increases of Tl concentration are likely caused by unidentified discharges of deep groundwater through fractured zones to the downstream trace. The groundwater-related Tl transfer processes affect the ecosystem through contamination of water supply and arable soil and ultimately the food chain with undoubted risks to human health. Therefore, the results of this study are important for environmental planning and regulations, and will also serve as baseline data for future research on Tl natural dispersion processes.
GEOSCAN ID214267