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TitreMagnetic evidence for slow seafloor spreading during the formation of the Newfoundland and Iberian margins
AuteurSrivastava, S P; Sibuet, J -C; Cande, S; Roest, W R; Reid, I D
SourceEarth and Planetary Science Letters vol. 182, issue 1, 2000 p. 61-76,
LiensAbstract - Résumé
Séries alt.Commission géologique du Canada, Contributions aux publications extérieures 1999255
ÉditeurElsevier BV
Documentpublication en série
Mediapapier; en ligne; numérique
ProvinceTerre-Neuve-et-Labrador; Région extracotière
SNRC1; 2C; 2D; 2E; 2F; 10O; 11B; 11G; 11I; 11J; 11O; 11P; 12A; 12B; 12G; 12H
Lat/Long OENS -60.0000 -40.0000 50.0000 35.0000
Sujetsexpansion océanique; marges continentales; épaisseur de la croûte; manteau terrestre; géomagnétisme; anomalies magnétiques; croûte continentale; tectonique; géophysique; géologie marine
Illustrationslocation maps; graphs; geological sketch maps; magnetic anomaly maps
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
There is considerable debate concerning the nature and origin of the thin crust within the oceancontinent transition (OCT) zones of many passive non-volcanic continental margins, located between thinned continental and true oceanic crust. This crust is usually found to be underlain by upper mantle material of 7.27.4 km/s velocity at shallow depths (12 km). It has been proposed that such crustal material could have originated either by exhumation of upper mantle material during rifting of continents or by slow seafloor spreading. One of the examples of occurrence of such a crust are the conjugate margins of Newfoundland and Iberia. Here we present an interpretation of magnetic data from these regions to show that their OCT zones are underlain by crustal material formed by slow seafloor spreading (6.7 mm/yr) soon after Iberia separated from the Grand Banks of Newfoundland in the late Jurassic. Similarities in the magnetic anomalies and velocity distributions from these regions with those from the Sohm Abyssal Plain, a region lying immediately south of the Newfoundland Basin and formed by seafloor spreading at a similar rate of spreading, give further support to such an interpretation. The idea that these regions were formed by unroofing of upper mantle during rifting of Iberia from Newfoundland may be likely but the presence of weak magnetic anomalies in these regions, which bear all the characteristics of seafloor spreading anomalies, makes it difficult to ignore the possibility that these regions could be underlain by oceanic crust formed during slow seafloor spreading. The similarities in velocity structure and the presence of small amplitude magnetic anomalies both across this pair of conjugate margins of the North Atlantic and that of the Labrador Sea suggest that this OCT velocity structure may be the norm rather than the exception across those passive non-volcanic margins where the initial seafloor spreading was slow. Furthermore, the existence of similar velocity distributions along a few active spreading centers raises the possibility of formation of similar crust across slow spreading ridges.