GEOSCAN, résultats de la recherche

Menu GEOSCAN


TitreIndicator mineral and geochemical methods for diamond exploration in glaciated terrain in Canada
AuteurMcClenaghan, M B; Kjarsgaard, B A
SourceDrift exploration in glaciated terrain; par McClenaghan, M B (éd.); Bobrowsky, P T (éd.); Hall, G E M (éd.); Cook, S J (éd.); Geological Society, Special Publication 185, 2001 p. 83-123, https://doi.org/10.1144/gsl.sp.2001.185.01.05
Année2001
Séries alt.Commission géologique du Canada, Contributions aux publications extérieures 1999220
Documentpublication en série
Lang.anglais
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1144/gsl.sp.2001.185.01.05
Mediapapier; en ligne; numérique
Formatspdf
ProvinceCanada; Alberta; Colombie-Britannique; Manitoba; Nouveau-Brunswick; Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador; Territoires du Nord-Ouest; Nouvelle-Écosse; Nunavut; Ontario; Île-du-Prince-Édouard; Québec; Saskatchewan; Yukon
SNRC1; 2; 3; 10; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33; 34; 35; 36; 37; 38; 39; 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46; 47; 48; 49; 52; 53; 54; 55; 56; 57; 58; 59; 62; 63; 64; 65; 66; 67; 68; 69; 72; 73; 74; 75; 76; 77; 78; 79; 82; 83; 84; 85; 86; 87; 88; 89; 92; 93; 94; 95; 96; 97; 98; 99; 102; 103; 104; 105; 106; 107; 114O; 114P; 115; 116; 117; 120; 340; 560
Lat/Long OENS-141.0000 -50.0000 90.0000 41.7500
Sujetsgéochimie du till; exploration de dépôts glaciaires; méthodes d'exploration; diamant; géochimie des sediments lacustres; végétation; kimberlites; profils de dispersion; dépôts glaciaires; écoulement glaciaire; directions des mouvements de la glace; antecedents glaciaires; antecedents de sedimentation; tills; analyses des minéraux lourds; roches mères; levés biochimiques; altération; blocs; dépôts fluvioglaciaires; dépôts glaciolacustres; échantillons de sédiment de cours d'eau; méthodes d'échantillonage; géochimie du sol; traînées de dispersion; géologie économique; géochimie; géologie des dépôts meubles/géomorphologie; Quaternaire; Cénozoïque
Illustrationstables; sketch maps; models; schematic cross-sections; aerial photographs; cross-sections; photographs; plots; flow charts; images; graphs
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
This paper provides a summary of selected diamond exploration techniques used in the glaciated terrain of Canada, focusing on indicator mineral methods and till geochemistry but also including geochemistry of lake sediments and vegetation. Diamond exploration in Canada focuses on kimberlite, the primary host rock for diamonds in this country. Kimberlite is a mineralogically and chemically distinct point source which may yield discrete dispersal trains in glacial sediments. Understanding the ice flow history and depositional history of glacial sediments and identifying multiple till sheets in areas covered by thick glacial sediments are essential for successful sampling, interpretation and follow-up of indicator mineral and geochemical anomalies related to these rocks. Orientation studies over known kimberlites provide important information on the mineralogical and geochemical signatures of kimberlite, and the size fractions of glacial sediments that are best suited to indicator mineral and geochemical analysis. Kimberlite indicator minerals survive glacial transport over long distances and the relative abundance of each mineral in till is a function of the primary mineralogy of individual kimberlites. Indicator mineral distributions observed at a regional scale define the net effect of glacial dispersal, often along different ice flow directions. Local scale distributions define individual dispersal trains. The finer (0.25 to 0.5 mm)fraction of heavy mineral concentrates prepared from till samples is best suited for indicator mineral surveys. Till geochemistry is gaining popularity in diamond exploration because it is significantly cheaper than indicator mineral analysis and it can be performed quickly. Important kimberlite pathfinder elements that provide good contrast in till geochemical surveys include Ni, Cr, Ba, Co, Sr, Rb, Nb, Mg, Ta, Ca, Fe, K, Ti and REE, the relative importance of which will depend on kimberlite composition as well as that of the surrounding bedrock. Biogeochemical studies over kimberlites in Canada reveal geochemical signatures in vegetation despite the glacially transported substrate.
GEOSCAN ID211195