GEOSCAN, résultats de la recherche


TitreA recipe for microcontinent formation
AuteurMuller, R D; Gaina, C; Roest, W R; Hansen, D L
SourceGeology v. 29, no. 3, 2001 p. 203-206,<0203:arfmf>;2
Séries alt.Commission géologique du Canada, Contributions aux publications extérieures 1999176
ÉditeurGeological Society of America
Documentpublication en série
Mediapapier; en ligne; numérique
Lat/Long OENS -30.0000 10.0000 70.0000 60.0000
Lat/Long OENS -30.0000 0.0000 70.0000 60.0000
Lat/Long OENS 55.0000 70.0000 -5.0000 -20.0000
Lat/Long OENS 150.0000 165.0000 -35.0000 -50.0000
Sujetsmarges continentales; croûte océanique; accretion; décrochement horizontal; expansion océanique; volcanisme; modèles de la croûte; terrains; tectonique
Illustrationsblock diagrams; graphs; sketch maps
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
Accreted slivers of continental margins are common in the geologic record, but the processes that lead to their formation are poorly understood. We observe an association of plume-related microcontinent isolation and subsequent long-term asymmetries in oceanic crustal accretion based on four recent examples: the Seychelles in the Indian Ocean, Jan Mayen in the Norwegian-Greenland Sea, and the East Tasman Plateau and the Gilbert Seamount Complex in the Tasman Sea. These microcontinents formed by rerifting of a young continental margin (<25 m.y. old) in the vicinity of a mantle-plume stem, followed by asymmetric seafloor spreading. Two-dimensional numerical stochastic basin modeling suggests that a yield-strength minimum along the landward edge of a rifted margin, thermally enhanced by heating from a mantle plume, may cause a spreading ridge to jump onto this zone of weakness. This action isolates a passive-margin segment. The association of large igneous provinces and microcontinents should be useful for identifying similar events in the geological record.