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TitreGIS-based statistical and fractal/multifractal analysis of surface stream patterns in the Oak Ridges Moraine
AuteurCheng, Q; Russell, H; Sharpe, D; Kenny, F; Qin, P
SourceComputers and Geosciences vol. 27, issue 5, 2001 p. 513-526,
LiensOak Ridges Moraine web site
LiensMoraine d'Oak Ridges, site web
Séries alt.Commission géologique du Canada, Contributions aux publications extérieures 1998189
ÉditeurElsevier BV
Documentpublication en série
Mediapapier; en ligne; numérique
Formatshtml; pdf
SNRC30M/13; 30M/14; 30M/15; 30M/16NW; 30M/16NE; 31C/04SW; 31C/04NW; 31D/01; 31D/02; 31D/03; 31D/04
Lat/Long OENS -80.0000 -77.7500 44.2500 43.7500
Sujetsgéostatistiques; analyses statistiques; méthodes statistiques; configurations hydrographiques; réseaux hydrographiques; établissement de modèles; écoulement des cours d'eau; Moraine d'Oak Ridges ; système d'information géographique; géomathématique; hydrogéologie
Illustrationssketch maps; tables; graphs; histograms
ProgrammeProjet de la Moraine d'Oak Ridges du CARTNAT
Résumé(disponible en anglais seulement)
Conventional quantities (stream length, number of streams, bifurcation ratio, density of streams per unit drainage area, elevation difference, slope, and perimeter and area of drainage basins) were extracted for approximately 322 drainage basins from a DEM of the Oak Ridges Moraine area, southern Ontario. These values were mapped and analyzed using statistical and multifractal approaches and GIS to characterize the stream networks and drainage basin systems. Useful measures for characterizing drainage basins in the area included, slope, stream densities, ratio of perimeter and area, and ratio of stream lengths. The distinct patterns identified on the basis of these parameters and on the combined indexes generated by using multivariate statistical analysis were compared with other datasets (geology, bedrock topography, and drift thickness). The associations illustrate the relationship between stream patterns and geological and geomorphological factors. The stream networks in the area as a whole have statistical space-filling properties or are free of geological constraints; however, the variance of individual drainage basins can be characterized by a combined principal component consisting of several quantities. Geological and hydrological interpretations suggest that geological structures, bedrock topography, drift thickness, lithology and slope of drainage basins are the main geological and geomorphological factors influencing the evolution of streams in the area. The results obtained on the basis of stream and drainage basin analysis may provide information for an improved understanding of hydrological characteristics in the area. As an example, the drainage basins along the Niagara Escarpment and on the south side of the Oak Ridges Moraine show distinct patterns with relatively high stream densities and steeper slopes, which may be one of the reasons why these basins have relatively high baseflow compared to basins elsewhere. In addition, high baseflow may have partly induced a relatively high stream density.