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TitleIV meteoritic bombardment of the moon - The contribution of major impact processes to lunar crustal evolution
AuthorDence, M R
SourceRoyal Society of London, Philosophical Transactions, Series A vol. 285, no. 1327, 1977 p. 259-265; 1 microfiche
LinksOnline - En ligne
Alt SeriesEarth Physics Branch, Contribution Series 610
Mediamicrofiche; on-line; digital
ProvinceQuebec; Newfoundland and Labrador
AreaMistastin Lake; Labrador
Lat/Long WENS -63.5000 -63.0000 56.0000 55.7500
Subjectsstructural geology; extraterrestrial geology; metamorphism; meteorite craters; models; petrogenesis
Illustrationscross-sections, structural
AbstractLarge terrestrial impact craters provide structural models for the interpretation of lunar craters and basins and petrological data for comparison with complex lunar breccias. The terrestrial examples illustrate the mixing processes operative in the production of impact melts and breccias and the considerable volumes of impact melt rocks in large impact craters. Three forms of craters are found on Earth, Moon, Mars and Mercury: Simple bowl-shaped craters (smallest), central uplift, and ring structures (largest). The variations in form are interpreted as different degrees of gravitational modification which immediately follow the initial excavation. On Earth the transient cavity excavated has diameter/depth (D/d) near 3/1 in non-porous, essentially homogeneous rocks. From Orbiter and Apollo photographic data transient cavities in the most competent lunar materials have D/d of approximately 4/1. Experiments indicate ejecta come from as deep as two-thirds rds the transient cavity depth: disturbed material from greater depths remains as the crater lining. Application to the Imbrium basin indicates a portion of the ejecta at the Apollo 15 site may have come from as deep as 100 km, and from somewhat shallower depths at the Apollo 14 site. Ultramafic green and howarditic glasses are possible candidates for these materials of deep origin. Uplift of upper mantle in the centre of the basin would contribute to the Imbrian mascon.

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