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TitleAn automatic magnetic observatory system
AuthorAndersen, F
SourcePublications of the Earth Physics Branch vol. 44, no. 11, 1974, 11 pages, (Open Access)
PublisherCanada Department of Energy, Mines and Resources (Ottawa, Canada)
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
Subjectsgeophysics; magnetic field; magnetometers; amos
Released1974 01 01; 2018 11 19
AbstractA digitally recording magnetometer system is designed to replace the standard photographie magnetographs at geomagnetic observatories. The instrument can operate for up to 80 days without attention. Provision is made for immunity to brief power failures. The elements D, H, and Z are derived from a 3-component fluxgate magnetometer in which ail three detectors operate in near-zero field. A simple proton magnetometer measures F. Voltages proportional to the values of the three elements D, H, and Z are sampled in quick succession by a digital voltmeter, once per minute. Each minute, a measurement of Fis also made. The four measurements are recorded in digital magnetic tape. Each ten minutes, the date, time, and station identification are also recorded. A strip-chart recorder produces a visual indication of the variations in D, H, and Z. The performance of the system is estimated from a comparison of hourly mean values with those of the St. John's Magnetic Observatory.