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LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorCasello, J; Towns, W; Aucoin, E; Beatty, J; Capano, N; Picketts, I; Stevanovic-Briatico, V; Streicker, J; Thibodeau, S
SourceRisques climatiques et pratiques en matière d'adaptation pour le secteur canadien des transports 2016; by Palko, K G (ed.); Lemmen, D S (ed.); 2017 p. 288-340, Open Access logo Open Access
LinksOnline - En ligne
PublisherGovernment of Canada
Mediaon-line; digital
RelatedThis publication is contained in Risques climatiques et pratiques en matière d'adaptation pour le secteur canadien des transports 2016
RelatedThis publication is a translation of Urban
File formatpdf
ProvinceCanada; British Columbia; Alberta; Saskatchewan; Manitoba; Ontario; Quebec; New Brunswick; Nova Scotia; Prince Edward Island; Newfoundland and Labrador; Northwest Territories; Yukon; Nunavut; Canada
NTS1; 2; 3; 10; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33; 34; 35; 36; 37; 38; 39; 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46; 47; 48; 49; 52; 53; 54; 55; 56; 57; 58; 59; 62; 63; 64; 65; 66; 67; 68; 69; 72; 73; 74; 75; 76; 77; 78; 79; 82; 83; 84; 85; 86; 87; 88; 89; 92; 93; 94; 95; 96; 97; 98; 99; 102; 103; 104; 105; 106; 107; 114O; 114P; 115; 116; 117; 120; 340; 560
Lat/Long WENS-141.0000 -50.0000 90.0000 41.7500
SubjectsNature and Environment; Transport; Economics and Industry; surficial geology/geomorphology; hydrogeology; Health and Safety; climate; climate effects; climate, arctic; ice; snow; sea level changes; permafrost; floods; meteorology; precipitation; temperature; landslides; coastal environment; Climate change; Climate change adaptation; Air transport; Aviation; Water transport; Rail transport; Road transport; Infrastructures; Natural hazards; Forest fires; Urban environment; Extreme weather; Resilience; cumulative effects
Illustrationsbar graphs; sketch maps; photographs; profiles; tables
ProgramClimate Change Impacts and Adaptation
ProgramClimate Change Impacts and Adaptation Canada in a Changing Climate
Released2017 01 01; 2019 07 15
Key Findings Enhancing redundancy (particularly across modes) in urban transportation networks increases resilience to climate change. A redundant system gives travelers choices so that if one option performs poorly, other effective options are available. Redundancy becomes even more important in emergency situations (including those arising from extreme weather conditions) as it allows travelers to complete trips, and economies to function, even when major service disruptions occur. Extreme weather events influence the perspectives and actions of urban decision-makers. Events with severe socioeconomic impacts demonstrate to municipal decision-makers that human activity, short-sighted planning decisions, or failure to act, can exacerbate weather-related damages. Expropriating floodplain lands and re-routing roadways away from vulnerable areas are examples of policy changes made in response to extreme weather events in some Canadian cities. 'Low-regret' or 'no-regret' adaptation strategies offer municipalities opportunities to enhance the resilience of transportation infrastructure at key points in infrastructure lifecycles, at little additional cost. One example is enhancing stormwater management capacity to reflect probable future precipitation conditions, when existing infrastructure reaches a renewal period. These strategies also build public support for adaptation efforts if benefits are tangible, communicated clearly, and realized quickly. The cost of resilient infrastructure is considered a barrier to implementing adaptive actions. In terms of both capital and operational funding, innovative financing tools and intergovernmental partnerships could help promote adaptation when addressing Canada's growing municipal infrastructure deficit. There is a need for structured collaboration among government departments, transportation agencies, emergency services, municipal councils, engineers, climate change specialists, and civil society. Collaboration helps to ensure adaptation is a community-wide endeavour and highlights key interdependencies for the urban transportation sector (for example, with electricity and telecommunications providers). Canadian cities are undertaking a number of resilience-enhancing initiatives. Examples from Whitehorse, Prince George, Toronto, and Moncton demonstrate the diversity of adaptive strategies required to deal with the range of geographic and climatic challenges across the country. These case studies also suggest that, increasingly, urban practitioners are moving beyond risk assessment and beginning to implement adaptive practices and build resilient infrastructure.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
This report presents the current state of knowledge about climate risks to the Canadian transportation sector, and identifies existing or potential adaptation practices. The report includes six regional chapters and one urban chapter which reflect the different climate change impacts, vulnerabilities and opportunities across Canada. Adaptation approaches are discussed and case studies highlight adaptation actions and practices. A synthesis chapter brings together the report's key findings. Co-led by Transport Canada and Natural Resources Canada, the development of this report synthesized over 700 publications and involved 42 lead and contributing authors, and over 228 expert reviewers.

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