|Licence||Please note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada
supersedes any previous licences.|
|Author||Casello, J; Towns, W; Aucoin, E; Beatty, J; Capano, N; Picketts, I; Stevanovic-Briatico, V; Streicker, J; Thibodeau, S|
|Source||Climate risks and adaptation practices for the Canadian transportation sector 2016; by Palko, K G (ed.); Lemmen, D S (ed.); 2017 p. 263-309, https://doi.org/10.4095/330418 Open Access|
|Links||Online - En
|Publisher||Government of Canada|
|Related||This publication is contained in Climate risks and
adaptation practices for the Canadian transportation sector 2016 |
|Related||This publication is a translation of Urbain|
|Province||Canada; British Columbia; Alberta; Saskatchewan; Manitoba; Ontario; Quebec; New Brunswick; Nova Scotia; Prince Edward Island; Newfoundland and Labrador; Northwest Territories; Yukon; Nunavut;
|NTS||1; 2; 3; 10; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33; 34; 35; 36; 37; 38; 39; 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46; 47; 48; 49; 52; 53; 54; 55; 56; 57; 58; 59; 62; 63; 64; 65;
66; 67; 68; 69; 72; 73; 74; 75; 76; 77; 78; 79; 82; 83; 84; 85; 86; 87; 88; 89; 92; 93; 94; 95; 96; 97; 98; 99; 102; 103; 104; 105; 106; 107; 114O; 114P; 115; 116; 117; 120; 340; 560|
|Lat/Long WENS||-141.0000 -50.0000 90.0000 41.7500|
|Subjects||Nature and Environment; Transport; Economics and Industry; surficial geology/geomorphology; hydrogeology; Health and Safety; climate; climate effects; climate, arctic; ice; snow; sea level changes;
permafrost; floods; meteorology; precipitation; temperature; landslides; coastal environment; Climate change; Climate change adaptation; Air transport; Aviation; Water transport; Rail transport; Road transport; Infrastructures; Natural hazards;
Forest fires; Urban environment; Extreme weather; Resilience; cumulative effects|
|Illustrations||bar graphs; sketch maps; photographs; profiles; tables|
|Program||Climate Change Impacts and
|Program||Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Canada in a Changing Climate|
|Released||2017 01 01; 2019 07 15|
Enhancing redundancy (particularly across modes) in urban transportation networks increases resilience to climate change. A redundant system gives travelers choices
so that if one option performs poorly, other effective options are available. Redundancy becomes even more important in emergency situations (including those arising from extreme weather conditions) as it allows travelers to complete trips, and
economies to function, even when major service disruptions occur.
Extreme weather events influence the perspectives and actions of urban decision-makers. Events with severe socioeconomic impacts demonstrate to municipal decision-makers that human
activity, short-sighted planning decisions, or failure to act, can exacerbate weather-related damages. Expropriating floodplain lands and re-routing roadways away from vulnerable areas are examples of policy changes made in response to extreme
weather events in some Canadian cities.
'Low-regret' or 'no-regret' adaptation strategies offer municipalities opportunities to enhance the resilience of transportation infrastructure at key points in infrastructure lifecycles, at little
additional cost. One example is enhancing stormwater management capacity to reflect probable future precipitation conditions, when existing infrastructure reaches a renewal period. These strategies also build public support for adaptation efforts if
benefits are tangible, communicated clearly, and realized quickly.
The cost of resilient infrastructure is considered a barrier to implementing adaptive actions. In terms of both capital and operational funding, innovative financing tools and
intergovernmental partnerships could help promote adaptation when addressing Canada's growing municipal infrastructure deficit.
There is a need for structured collaboration among government departments, transportation agencies, emergency services,
municipal councils, engineers, climate change specialists, and civil society. Collaboration helps to ensure adaptation is a community-wide endeavour and highlights key interdependencies for the urban transportation sector (for example, with
electricity and telecommunications providers).
Canadian cities are undertaking a number of resilience-enhancing initiatives. Examples from Whitehorse, Prince George, Toronto, and Moncton demonstrate the diversity of adaptive strategies required to
deal with the range of geographic and climatic challenges across the country. These case studies also suggest that, increasingly, urban practitioners are moving beyond risk assessment and beginning to implement adaptive practices and build resilient
|Summary||(Plain Language Summary, not published)|
This report presents the current state of knowledge about climate risks to the Canadian transportation sector, and identifies existing or potential
adaptation practices. The report includes six regional chapters and one urban chapter which reflect the different climate change impacts, vulnerabilities and opportunities across Canada. Adaptation approaches are discussed and case studies highlight
adaptation actions and practices. A synthesis chapter brings together the report's key findings. Co-led by Transport Canada and Natural Resources Canada, the development of this report synthesized over 700 publications and involved 42 lead and
contributing authors, and over 228 expert reviewers.