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TitleSanté mentale et bien-être
LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorHayes, K; Cunsolo, A; Augustinavicius, J; Stranberg, R; Clayton, S; Malik, M; Donaldson, S; Richards, G; Bedard, A; Archer, L; Munro, T; Hilario, C
SourceLa santé des Canadiens et des Canadiennes dans un climat en changement : faire progresser nos connaissances pour agir; by Berry, P (ed.); Schnitter, R (ed.); 2022 p. 252-317, Open Access logo Open Access
LinksOnline - En ligne
PublisherGovernment of Canada
Mediadigital; on-line
RelatedThis publication is contained in La santé des Canadiens et des Canadiennes dans un climat en changement : faire progresser nos connaissances pour agir
RelatedThis publication is a translation of Mental health and well-being
File formatpdf
ProvinceCanada; British Columbia; Alberta; Saskatchewan; Manitoba; Ontario; Quebec; New Brunswick; Nova Scotia; Prince Edward Island; Newfoundland and Labrador; Northwest Territories; Yukon; Nunavut
NTS1; 2; 3; 10; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33; 34; 35; 36; 37; 38; 39; 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46; 47; 48; 49; 52; 53; 54; 55; 56; 57; 58; 59; 62; 63; 64; 65; 66; 67; 68; 69; 72; 73; 74; 75; 76; 77; 78; 79; 82; 83; 84; 85; 86; 87; 88; 89; 92; 93; 94; 95; 96; 97; 98; 99; 102; 103; 104; 105; 106; 107; 114O; 114P; 115; 116; 117; 120; 340; 560
Lat/Long WENS-141.0000 -50.0000 90.0000 41.7500
SubjectsNature and Environment; Health and Safety; Science and Technology; climate effects; Climate change; Climate change adaptation; Health; Mental health; Mental well-being; Psychosocial health; Psychosocial well-being; cumulative effects
Illustrationstables; flow diagrams; Venn diagrams; schematic representations
ProgramClimate Change Impacts and Adaptation
ProgramClimate Change Impacts and Adaptation Canada in a Changing Climate
Released2022 02 09
Climate change increases risks to the mental health and well-being of many people in Canada. Specific populations that can be disproportionally and inequitably affected include those experiencing health inequities based on race, culture, gender, age, socio-economic status, ability, and geographic location. These factors are encompassed within the social, biological, environmental, and cultural determinants of health that are amplified by climate change. Mental health can be impacted by hazards that occur over the shorter and longer term, such as floods, extreme heat events, wildfires, and hurricanes as well as drought, sea-level rise, and melting permafrost. Knowledge and awareness of climate change threats can also affect mental health and well-being, resulting in emotional and behavioural responses, such as worry, grief, anxiety, anger, hopelessness, and fear.
Mental health impacts of climate change may include exacerbation of existing mental illness such as psychosis; new-onset mental illness such as post-traumatic stress disorder; mental health stressors such as grief, worry, anxiety, and vicarious trauma; and a lost sense of place, which refers to the perceived or actual detachment from community, environment, or homeland. Impacts can also include disruptions to psychosocial well-being and resilience, disruptions to a sense of meaning in a person's life, and lack of community cohesion, all of which can result in distress, higher rates of hospital admissions, increased suicide ideation or suicide, and increased negative behaviours such as substance misuse, violence, and aggression. Adaptation efforts that can reduce the mental health impacts of climate change include expanded communication and outreach activities and community preparedness, greater access to health care for those requiring assistance, and improved mental health literacy and training.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
This chapter discusses current evidence of the mental health impacts of climate variability and change on Canadians, including regions and populations at higher risk for such impacts.

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