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TitleA three-dimensional geological model of the Paleozoic bedrock of southern Ontario
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LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorCarter, T R; Logan, C EORCID logo; Clark, J K; Russell, H A JORCID logo; Brunton, F R; Cachunjua, A; D'Arienzo, M; Freckelton, C; Rzyszczak, H; Sun, S; Yeung, K H
SourceGeological Survey of Canada, Open File 8795, 2021, 103 pages, https://doi.org/10.4095/328297 Open Access logo Open Access
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Year2021
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
PublisherGovernment of Ontario
Editionversion 2
Documentopen file
Lang.English
Mediaon-line; digital
RelatedThis publication supercedes A three-dimensional geological model of the Paleozoic bedrock of southern Ontario
File formatreadme
File formatpdf; rtf; dxf (Logiciel AutoCAD software)
ProvinceOntario
NTS30; 31C/01; 31C/02; 31C/03; 31C/04; 31C/05; 31C/06; 31C/07; 31C/08; 31C/09; 31C/10; 31C/11; 31C/12; 31C/13; 31D; 31E/02; 31E/03; 31E/04; 31E/05; 40; 41A; 41B/01; 41B/08; 41B/09; 41B/16; 41G/01; 41G/08; 41H/01; 41H/02; 41H/03; 41H/04; 41H/05; 41H/06; 41H/07; 41H/08
AreaGreat Lakes
Lat/Long WENS -83.2500 -76.3333 45.3333 41.5000
Subjectsregional geology; stratigraphy; hydrogeology; economic geology; tectonics; fossil fuels; Nature and Environment; Science and Technology; bedrock geology; basement geology; lithology; sedimentary rocks; sandstones; evaporites; salt; anhydrite; carbonates; limestones; dolostones; shales; structural features; faults; lithostratigraphy; bedrock topography; groundwater regimes; groundwater resources; models; software; boreholes; oil wells; gas wells; stratigraphic analyses; stratigraphic nomenclature; salt deposits; salt caverns; underground mining; petroleum resources; hydrocarbons; gas; oil; reservoir rocks; reservoirs; St. Lawrence Lowlands; Leapfrog© Works; Ontario Petroleum Data System; Port Lambton Group; Kettle Point Formation; Hamilton Group; Marcellu Formation; Dundee Formation; Lucas Formation; Onondaga Formation; Detroit River Group; Columbus Formation; Amherstburg Formation; Sylvania Formation; Bois Blanc Formation; Springvale Formation; Oriskany Formation; Bass Islands Formation; Bertie Formation; Salina Group; Lockport Group; Guelph Formation; Eramosa Formation; Goat Island Member; Gasport Member; Clinton Group; DeCew Formation; Rochester Formation; Lion's Head Formation; Irondequoit Formation; Rockway Formation; Fossil Hill Formation; Reynales Formation; St. Edmund Formation; Wingfield Formation; Dyer Bay Formation; Neahga Formation; Medina Group; Thorold Formation; Grimsby Formation; Cabot Head Formation; Manitoulin Formation; Whirlpool Formation; Queenston Formation; Georgian Bay Formation; Blue Mountain Formation; Trenton Group; Cobourg Formation; Sherman Fall Formation; Kirkfield Formation; Black River Group; Coboconk Formation; Gull River Formation; Shadow Lake Formation; Niagara Escarpment; Algonquin Arch; Findlay Arch; Frontenac Arch; Appalachian Basin; Michigan Basin; Chatham Sag; geological mapping; 3-D modelling; databases; formation tops; digital elevation models; quality control; well data; lithotectonics; Phanerozoic; Cenozoic; Quaternary; Paleozoic; Devonian; Silurian; Ordovician; Cambrian
Illustrationsgeoscientific sketch maps; stratigraphic charts; models; location maps; tables; flow diagrams; 3-D models; geophysical logs; lithologic logs; photographs; pie charts
ProgramOpen Geoscience, Canada in 3D
Released2021 06 08
AbstractAn updated regional three-dimensional (3-D) lithostratigraphic model of the Paleozoic bedrock of southern Ontario has been produced using Leapfrog© Works software, improving a model completed in 2019. The model encompasses the entire Phanerozoic succession of southcentral and southwestern Ontario consisting of approximately 1500 metres of Paleozoic bedrock and an area of 110,000 km2. Fifty-three Paleozoic bedrock layers representing 70 formations, as well as the Precambrian basement and overlying unconsolidated sediment, were modelled at a spatial resolution of 400 m. Petroleum well records in the Ontario Petroleum Data System (OPDS) were the principal data source, supplemented by Ontario Geological Survey (OGS) deep boreholes, measured sections, control points, Michigan boreholes, and select bedrock provincial water well records. The model format can readily support numeric groundwater-flow modelling.
From 2019 to 2020, project geologists and data support staff of the Oil, Gas and Salt Resources Library (OGSRL) completed edits to 17,595 formation tops in a total of 3,419 wells, resulting in a revised data set and permanent improvements to the petroleum well database. Formation top data from a total of 20,836 Ontario petroleum wells, 199 OGS stratigraphic tests, 15 measured sections, 3 Michigan petroleum wells, and 30 control points were utilized, including seven new control points added to improve layer extrapolation beneath Lake Huron. The new model improves the resolution of the subcrop surface and there is a more accurate and realistic rendering and correlation of the topography and bedrock geology of the Niagara Escarpment. Many anomalous outliers and structural and thickness anomalies in model layers have been identified and removed and gaps in the model are reduced. A model layer of the Salina D Salt has been added. There was a focus on improving the data quality and quantity for the formations of the Lockport Group in support of improved bedrock model layers and future hydrostratigraphic modelling. New features added to the model include: 3-D volumes of salt beds leased for underground mining at Ontario's 2 salt mines, solution-mined caverns in salt beds including those constructed for storage of liquefied hydrocarbons and petrochemicals, two-dimensional representations of oil and natural gas reservoirs, regional faults, and lithotectonic boundaries in the Precambrian metamorphic basement.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
A report documenting the development of a 3D geological model along with the digital files of the model.
GEOSCAN ID328297

 
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