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TitleSurficial geology, northeastern Cameron Hills, Northwest Territories, NTS 85-C/3, 4, 5, and 6
LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorSmith, I RORCID logo; Paulen, R CORCID logo; Hagedorn, G W
SourceGeological Survey of Canada, Canadian Geoscience Map 431, 2021, 1 sheet, Open Access logo Open Access
LinksSurficial geology map collection
LinksCollection de données de géologie de surface
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Maps1 map
Map Info.surficial geology, sediments, landforms, features, 1:100,000
ProjectionUniversal Transverse Mercator Projection, UTM zone 11 (NAD83)
Mediaon-line; digital
RelatedNRCan photo(s) in this publication
RelatedThis publication is related to the following publications
File formatreadme
File formatpdf; rtf; gdb (ESRI® ArcGIS(TM) v.10.x); shp (ESRI® ArcGIS(TM) v.10.x); xml (ESRI® ArcGIS(TM) v.10.x); mxd (ESRI® ArcGIS(TM) v.10.x); xls (Microsoft® Excel® 2010)
ProvinceNorthwest Territories
NTS85C/03; 85C/04; 85C/05; 85C/06
AreaCameron Hills
Lat/Long WENS-118.0000 -117.0000 60.5000 60.0000
Subjectssurficial geology/geomorphology; Nature and Environment; Science and Technology; postglacial deposits; organic deposits; fans; landslides; landslide deposits; slumps; dunes; alluvial fans; beach ridges; terraces; scarps; glacial deposits; glacial landforms; glacial features; outwash fans; kames; tills; till samples; ice scours; meltwater channels; paleocurrents; moraines; moraine, de geer; eskers; drumlins; glacial flutings; proglacial lakes; permafrost; ground ice; periglacial features; thermokarst; landforms; paleodrainage; flow trajectories; glacial history; Wisconsinian glacial stage; glaciation; ice flow; clasts; provenance; lineations; deglaciation; silts; sands; clays; gravels; boulders; depositional environment; sedimentary structures; water levels; Laurentide Ice Sheet; Canadian Shield; Canadian Cordillera; Fort St. John Group; Shaftesbury Formation; Scatter Formation; Loon River Formation; fen deposits; bog deposits; colluvial and mass-wasting deposits; colluvial and mass-wasting veneer; colluvial and mass-wasting blanket; alluvial sediments; alluvial floodplain sediments; alluvial terraced sediments; alluvial blanket; lacustrine sediments; lacustrine beach sediments; lacustrine deltaic sediments; lacustrine littoral sediments; lacustrine nearshore sediments; eolian sediments; eolian veneer; glaciolacustrine sediments; glaciolacustrine beach sediments; glaciolacustrine deltaic sediments; glaciolacustrine littoral sediments; glaciolacustrine nearshore sediments; glaciolacustrine blanket; glaciofluvial sediments; glaciofluvial outwash plain sediments; glaciofluvial terraced sediments; esker sediments; hummocky tills; streamlined tills; till blanket; ridged tills, moraine; till veneer; landslide escarpments; terrace scarps; beach crests; ice-thrust ridges; esker ridges; drumlin ridges; ice-flow directions; station locations, ground observation; sample locations; Phanerozoic; Cenozoic; Quaternary; Phanerozoic; Mesozoic; Cretaceous; Paleozoic; Devonian; Precambrian
Illustrationslocation maps; index maps; photographs
ProgramGEM2: Geo-mapping for Energy and Minerals Mackenzie Corridor, Southern Mackenzie Surficial Mapping
ProgramPolar Continental Shelf Program
Released2021 12 08
AbstractThe northeastern Cameron Hills comprise a Cretaceous bedrock upland, rising >550 m above the regional boreal plains. It was inundated by the Laurentide Ice Sheet and includes much of a prominent 60 by 20 km southwest-oriented mega-scale glacial lineation field, formed in thick till. Subsequent ice flow on northeast Cameron Hills occurred north to south, and a series of lobate and ice-thrust moraines suggest glacial surging. Rotational bedrock slumps cover the eastern and northern flanks of Cameron Hills, and extensive alluvial fan deposits draining from these slopes blanket the surrounding topography. The Cameron River formed as a glacial spillway, draining southwest across the upland before turning north and draining into Tathlina Lake. An expansive raised delta and glaciolacustrine sediment cover extending up to ~295 m above sea level, south of Tathlina Lake, records impoundment of an ice-marginal lake between the northeastward-retreating Laurentide Ice Sheet and Cameron Hills.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
This map presents the surficial geology reconstruction for the area of the Cameron Hills and surrounding Hay River and Tathlina Lake lowlands in southern Northwest Territories based on extensive ground truthing, till sample collection and air photograph interpretation. It depicts multiple phases of ice flow, including those preserved in conspicuous and in places cross-cutting mega-scale glacial lineations (MSGLs) and glacial fluting fields, and a sequence of declining shorelines and related deposits related to the formation of deglacial lakes from a high point of ~290m above sea level. The map also identifies extensive areas of thermokarst (melting of ice-rich permafrost) in widespread areas of bog and fen deposits. This map provides a basis for comprehending regional glacial sediment dispersal as it applies to studies of mineral dispersal and exploration.

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