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TitlePV utilization analysis for a Canadian small Arctic PV-diesel hybrid microgrid
AuthorNinad, NORCID logo; Turcotte, D
SourceIEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, abstracts; vol. 2020, 9281919, 2020 p. 1-5,
Alt SeriesNatural Resources Canada, Contribution Series 20200669
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
MeetingIEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting; Montreal; CA; August 2-6, 2020
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
AreaArctic; Canada
SubjectsScience and Technology; fossil fuels; diesel fuels; Greenhouse gases; Renewable energy
Illustrationscharts; graphs; diagrams; tables
Released2020 12 16
AbstractCanadian remote arctic communities are mostly supplied electricity by diesel generators. The electricity price in these communities is high due mostly to the transportation cost of the diesel fuel to these remote locations. A large portion of the financial budget from the government or local community is allocated to cover the electricity cost. Diesel power plants are also major emitters of greenhouse gases (GHGs). The annual solar photovoltaic (PV) potential in the Canadian arctic region ranges from 850 to 1150 kWh/kWp. Therefore, a significant portion of the community energy requirement can be supplied by PV systems thus reducing diesel fuel consumption and associated GHG emissions. This paper presents the impact of PV integration on the system annual energy performance at various levels of PV penetration. The modelling of a typical small arctic PV-Diesel hybrid microgrid is addressed with the specifications of a small representative community. The PV utilization analysis establishes the low PV penetration regime up to 40% of peak load. Then two technical alternatives are presented that allow medium PV penetration up to 70% of peak load with associated PV energy contribution up to 23% of the community energy requirement.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
This article focuses on remote Arctic communities in Canada that rely on diesel generators for electricity. These communities face high electricity prices, mainly due to the transportation costs of diesel fuel to these remote areas. Much of the government or local community budgets are used to cover these electricity costs. Additionally, diesel power plants are significant greenhouse gas emitters.
The researchers examined the potential of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems in the Canadian Arctic, where there is a substantial annual solar energy potential. By integrating PV systems into the energy supply, the dependence on diesel fuel could be reduced, resulting in lower greenhouse gas emissions.
The study presents the impact of PV system integration at various levels of usage in a typical small Arctic PV-Diesel hybrid microgrid, which represents a small community. The analysis shows that even low PV penetration can make a significant difference in reducing diesel fuel consumption and associated emissions. This research is essential for developing sustainable and environmentally friendly energy solutions for remote Arctic communities while reducing their reliance on diesel-generated electricity.

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