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TitleNatural to cultural: the vegetation history of the southern Yorkshire Dales, UK
AuthorSwindles, G T; Galloway, J MORCID logo; Rushworth, G; Wheeler, J; Murphy, P; Taylor, T F
SourceReview of Palaeobotany and Palynology 104328, 2020 p. 1-12,
Alt SeriesNatural Resources Canada, Contribution Series 20200342
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf; html
AreaYorkshire Dales
Lat/Long WENS -2.2297 -1.6800 54.1108 53.8136
Subjectspaleontology; Science and Technology; Nature and Environment; paleoecology; palynology; pollen; vegetation; Phanerozoic; Cenozoic; Quaternary
Illustrationslocation maps; tables; lithologic sections; graphs
ProgramEnvironmental Geoscience Program Management
Released2020 12 06
AbstractThe Yorkshire Dales represents one of the most iconic agricultural landscapes in Britain. However, many questions remain over the evolution of this landscape through time and its natural state before major human impacts. Here we present new palynological data that provide insight into the vegetation and fire history of the southern Yorkshire Dales from the late glacial period to present day. Our data suggest that there is considerable variation in vegetation history between sites, which probably reflects topographic and edaphic factors. Several of the records contain hiatuses that may reflect forest clearance, slow peat accumulation, or peat drainage, cutting and/or burning. Our data show a marked clearance of woodland beginning in the Neolithic period and intensifying in more recent times, marking the development of the contemporary iconic agricultural landscape of the Yorkshire Dales.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
This study examines the post-glacial history of vegetation in Yorkshire, England. The study uses pollen, spores, algae, and microscopic charcoal to evaluate the causes of vegetation change, examine human influence, and trajectories of response of peatland environments to climate variability and land-use change.

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