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TitleProvenance and diagenesis of sandstones in the deep wells Annapolis G-24, Balvenie B-79, Crimson F-81, Weymouth A-45, and Newburn H-23, Scotian Basin, offshore Nova Scotia
LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorPe-Piper, G; Sangster, C; Piper, D J WORCID logo; Opra, D P
SourceGeological Survey of Canada, Open File 8730, 2020, 562 pages, Open Access logo Open Access
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Documentopen file
Mediaon-line; digital
File formatreadme
File formatpdf; rtf; xlsx (Microsoft® Excel®)
ProvinceNova Scotia; Eastern offshore region
NTS10; 11B; 11C
AreaAtlantic Ocean
Lat/Long WENS -61.0000 -58.0000 44.6667 42.3333
Subjectsmarine geology; sedimentology; mineralogy; geochemistry; fossil fuels; geophysics; Nature and Environment; Science and Technology; petroleum resources; petroleum exploration; hydrocarbon potential; hydrocarbons; gas; oil; sedimentary basins; reservoir rocks; diagenesis; clasts; provenance; paleodrainage; depositional history; bedrock geology; lithology; sedimentary rocks; sandstones; sedimentary petrology; petrography; exploration wells; core samples; heavy mineral samples; scanning electron microscope analyses; spectroscopic analyses; paragenesis; cementation; continental margins; continental shelf; continental slope; detrital minerals; paleoenvironment; geophysical interpretations; magnetic interpretations; magnetic anomalies; Scotian Basin; Sable Subbasin; Annapolis G-24 Well; Balvenie B-79 Well; Crimson F-81 Well; Weymouth A-45 Well; Newburn H-23 Well; Ancestral Sable River; Meguma Terrane; La Have Platform; Logan Canyon Formation; Cree Member; Naskapi Member; Mississauga Formation; Wyandot Formation; Scotian Shelf; Onondaga Field; Glenelg Field; Thebaud Field; Appalachian Province; Phanerozoic; Cenozoic; Mesozoic; Cretaceous; Jurassic
Illustrationslocation maps; geoscientific sketch maps; stratigraphic columns; pie charts; geochemical plots; ternary diagrams; tables; photomicrographs; photographs
Released2020 08 25
AbstractDeep-water sandstones have been a target for oil and gas exploration in the Scotian Basin for many decades. Little is known about the sedimentary petrography of these sandstones, both as indicators of provenance and for evaluation of the effects of diagenesis on reservoir quality. The purpose of this study was to determine how the sandstones present in deep water wells differ in sedimentary petrography, both detrital and diagenetic, from those on the Scotian Shelf.
Sparse side wall cores and heavy mineral separates from cuttings samples have been studied using petrographic and scanning electron microscopes (SEM) to identify the minerals present. Heavy mineral samples from cuttings were mostly swamped by diagenetic siderite and drilling mud contaminants, but the petrography of lithic clasts and the mineral chemistry of tourmaline, chromite/spinel, feldspar and micas are of value in determining provenance. These are similar to the mineralogy of sandstones in the Glenelg field, and indicate a predominant source from the Sable River draining southern Labrador and the northern Appalachians. Lithic clasts suggest some supply from the Meguma terrane. High abundance of sodic trachyte clasts in Newburn H-23 and to a lesser extent Weymouth A-25 may indicate supply from a cryptic Cretaceous volcanic source on the inner La Have Platform.
Diagenetic paragenesis is generally similar to that in wells on the Scotian Shelf. There is no evidence for chlorite rims on framework quartz grains that are important for preserving primary porosity in many deltaic sandstone reservoirs on the Shelf. Cementation by ferroan calcite and siderite is widespread, but the presence of late ankerite, dolomite, sphalerite and barite is evidence of persistent fairways for fluids similar to those found in the Onondaga and Glenelg fields.
This Open File provides backscattered electron (BSE) images, the mineralogy of the studied rocks, energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analyses of minerals, and an explanatory text and figures that summarize mineral chemistry and diagenetic paragenesis.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
Detailed documentation of the mineral components of potential reservoir sandstones in five deep-water wells on the Scotian Slope, to determine their source and the history of mineral precipitation affecting reservoir quality.

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