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TitleSeismic site period studies for nonlinear soil in the city of Ottawa, Canada
AuthorMotazedian, D; Torabi, H; Hunter, J A; Crow, H LORCID logo; Pyne, M
SourceSoil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering vol. 136, 106205, 2020 p. 1-13,
Alt SeriesNatural Resources Canada, Contribution Series 20200083
PublisherElsevier Ltd.
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf; html
ProvinceOntario; Quebec
NTS31G/05; 31G/06; 31G/11; 31G/12
AreaOttawa; Gatineau
Lat/Long WENS -76.0000 -75.0000 45.7500 45.2500
Subjectssurficial geology/geomorphology; soils science; geophysics; Science and Technology; Nature and Environment; Health and Safety; earthquake studies; seismicity; seismic risk; earthquake risk; boreholes; geophysical logging; geophysical interpretations; soil profiles; modelling; sediments; postglacial deposits; marine sediments; silts; clays; soils; glacial deposits; seismic waves; s waves; seismic velocities; urban geology; bedrock geology; strain analysis; National Building Code of Canada; Leda Clay
Illustrationslocation maps; geoscientific sketch maps; plots; seismograms; seismic profiles; geophysical profiles; tables; spectra; models
Released2020 06 05
AbstractSite period maps at various strain levels were developed for the combined cities of Ottawa and Gatineau in eastern Ontario and western Quebec. These maps were developed to support earthquake response studies in areas containing post-glacial, soft, silty-clayey sediments, which comprise 60% of the urban areas. Approximately 21,700 boreholes and over 1000 surface and downhole geophysical measurements were utilized to prepare the maps. The maps include the following: 1) A T0,ESL map is based on an equivalent single-layer modelling method (ESL) as described in the National Building Code of Canada using the 4H/V approach. 2) A T0,HVSR map is based on the micro-tremor HVSR method, which systematically deviates from T0,ESL for weak motion. Such variances between the calculated T0,ESL and measured T0,HVSR may be associated with significant shear wave velocity-depth gradients in the near-surface soft sediments. 3) A T0,100 map is based on finite element modelling at the 100 cm/s/s level of shaking (0.1 g) at the onset of the "gray zone" between the linear and nonlinear soil responses. 4) A T0,400 map is developed from a finite element model at the 400 cm/s/s level of shaking (0.4 g being the "design" earthquake for the city of Ottawa) This model evaluates the effect of nonlinear soft soil behaviour. The differences between these maps were examined and compared. The results indicated that nonlinear soil response at high levels of shaking strongly altered the resonance response toward much longer fundamental periods over large areas within the two cities.

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