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TitleMer Bleue, Ontario, Arctic surrogate study-site project, 2019 update, global navigation satellite system survey report
LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorPrévost, C; White, H PORCID logo
SourceGeomatics Canada, Open File 61, 2020, 182 pages, Open Access logo Open Access
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Documentopen file
Mediaon-line; digital
RelatedThis publication is related to the following publications
File formatpdf
NTS31G/05; 31G/06; 31G/07
AreaMer Bleue; Ottawa
Lat/Long WENS -75.5833 -74.9167 45.5000 45.2500
Subjectsgeophysics; surficial geology/geomorphology; environmental geology; Nature and Environment; Science and Technology; satellite geodesy; navigation satellites; remote sensing; satellite imagery; photogrammetric surveys; geophysical surveys; wetlands; peatlands; peat bogs; peat bog distribution; in-field instrumentation; Mer Bleue Bog; Mer Bleue Peatland Observatory; Canadian Active Control System (CACS); Collaborative research; Geographic data; unmanned aerial vehicles; drones
Illustrationsphotographs; tables; satellite images; screen captures; plots; time series
ProgramCanada Centre for Remote Sensing Remote Sensing Science Program - Management
Released2020 06 19
AbstractNatural Resources Canada (NRCan) has the mandate of providing essential geographic information. An improved knowledge of our physical environment represents one of the cores of this mandate. The Arctic is an important but challenging region to study, especially for wetland monitoring. To reduce survey costs, researchers often use surrogate sites located in less remote areas when evaluating and developing applications. The Mer Bleue Bog Peatlands, a conveniently accessible sub-arctic wetland similar to many wetlands found in the Arctic environment, is used as an arctic surrogate study site for the MBASSS Project.
This study site is used for the calibration and validation of various types of optical (spectral) remote sensing data acquired by several project partners using satellite, airborne and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) platforms. Precise geo-located products require ground control points (reference points) which are visible to the sensor on the platform and whose geographic location is known with precision. To fulfill this need, high precision GNSS surveys are required.
This highly illustrated document describes in detail the methods and results of the GNSS surveys required for the geographic rectification of imagery, including Unmanned Aerial Vehicle photographs, airborne hyperspectral imagery, and space borne multispectral imagery acquired within the scope of the Mer Bleue Arctic Surrogate Simulation Study (MBASSS) during 2019.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
Natural Resources Canada has the mandate of providing essential geographic information to Canadians. Advancing our knowledge of Canada's physical environment is key for supporting this mandate. The Arctic is an important, but difficult, area to study especially for wetland monitoring. To reduce survey costs, researchers use surrogate sites located closer to home base office, such as Mer Bleue bog, featuring open space / low tree coverage, typical of Arctic environment. Engineers, environmental scientist, and many others require detailed knowledge of the mechanisms associated with wetland (coverage, depth, and linkage with permafrost) for scientific modelling and decision-making. To obtain this information, various process and methodologies must be used, including GPS surveys and new methodologies of aerial data acquisition and processing.

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