|Title||EO baseline data for cumulative effects, year end report (FY 2019/20)|
|Licence||Please note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada
supersedes any previous licences.|
|Author||Janzen, D; Bourgon, J F; Brisco, B; Canisius, F; Chen, W; Choma, G; Drouin, H; Fernandes, R; Fraser, R; He, L; Hong, G; Landry, R; Latifovic, R; Lauer, K; Leblanc, S; Li, J; Li, Z; Lovitt, J; McFarlane-Winchester, M; Murnaghan, K; Nedelcu, S; Olthof, I; Prévost, C;
Rainville, T; Sabo, N; Short, N; Sun, L; Thomas, S; Touzi, R;
Trichtchenko, A; Ungureanu, C; Vachon, C; Wilson, P; Wang, S; White, H P; Yoga, S; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Y|
|Source||Geomatics Canada, Open File 60, 2020, 36 pages, https://doi.org/10.4095/326159 Open Access|
|Publisher||Natural Resources Canada|
|Province||Canada; British Columbia; Alberta; Saskatchewan; Manitoba; Ontario; Quebec; New Brunswick; Nova Scotia; Prince Edward Island; Newfoundland and Labrador; Northwest Territories; Yukon; Nunavut|
|NTS||1; 2; 3; 10; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33; 34; 35; 36; 37; 38; 39; 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46; 47; 48; 49; 52; 53; 54; 55; 56; 57; 58; 59; 62; 63; 64; 65;
66; 67; 68; 69; 72; 73; 74; 75; 76; 77; 78; 79; 82; 83; 84; 85; 86; 87; 88; 89; 92; 93; 94; 95; 96; 97; 98; 99; 102; 103; 104; 105; 106; 107; 114O; 114P; 115; 116; 117; 120; 340; 560|
|Lat/Long WENS||-141.0000 -50.0000 90.0000 41.7500|
|Subjects||geophysics; Nature and Environment; surficial geology/geomorphology; hydrogeology; Science and Technology; remote sensing; satellite imagery; environmental studies; environmental impacts; mapping
techniques; vegetation; permafrost; surface waters; groundwater; soil moisture; water analyses; wetlands; climate; climate effects; Status and Trends Mapping Program; cumulative effects; environmental baseline studies; environmental instability;
change drivers; national scale; regional scale; land surface; terrestrial water storage; high temporal frequency data; biology; habitats; land disturbances; monitoring; remediation; trends; status; visualization; land cover; geographic data;
datasets; landscape change; data products; methodology; climate change; collaborative research|
|Illustrations||tables; flow diagrams; schematic representations; photographs; sketch maps; screen captures; time series; geophysical images; satellite images; photographs; digital elevation models; spectra; 3-D
|Program||Canada Centre for Remote
Sensing, Optical methods and applications|
|Released||2020 07 08|
Environmental instability may prove to be the greatest threat Canada will face over the next several decades. Across the country, Canadians are adapting to a 'new normal' that is
difficult to prepare for. Does this new normal include more frequent catastrophic floods like Calgary in 2013 and the 100-year Ottawa floods in 2017 and 2019. Is there an increase to the frequency and impact of forest fires like 'The Beast' in Fort
McMurray 2016? Are crop and orchard failures going to continue to increase? How many major resource development projects can the landmass support? These questions are challenging to answer and the cost of not answering them is massive.
environmental instability is being fueled by a combination of abrupt change drivers including human activity, forest fires, and floods, as well as gradual change drivers like climate change, pollution, and species adaptation. Together, these change
drivers can be complex and interactive; where gradual changes cause abrupt changes and vice versa. Effective management of any region in Canada must start with a demonstrated understanding of how these change drivers are impacting the status and
trends of that region.
Ensuring that Canadians are able to thrive in Canada's changing environment requires an intimate understanding of how the landmass is changing. To support the development of this knowledge, the Canada Centre for Mapping and
Earth Observation (CCMEO) of Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) has implemented the Status and Trends Mapping Program (STMP). The STMP will identify, develop, disseminate and analyze critical geospatial datasets for describing a changing Canadian
landscape to inform evidence-based decision-making.
The 5-year project 'Earth Observation Baseline Data for Cumulative Effects' (EO4CE) is the key launch effort for CCMEO's STMP. The project, currently in its second year, will develop a wide range
of status and trends variables (primarily terrestrial) and demonstrate their capabilities within regional assessments of cumulative effects. In fiscal year 2019-20 (April 2019 - March 2020), the EO4CE project has exceeded expectations as articulated
within the project plan.
Significant data products have already been developed and released, including land cover, a wetlands inventory, snow/ice extents, vegetation indices, and imagery mosaics. A schedule of data products to be developed and
released over the course of the EO4CE project has been developed (figure 1.5).
Development of innovative scientific knowledge, methods, datasets, and tools, some highlights include: Local optimization methods (moving windows) for improving
regional accuracy of classifiers in national mapping applications; Development of a 200 year daily climate record at national scale (historical & forecast); Discovery of freezing temperature controls in aquifer discharge in cold region watersheds;
Discovery of the impact of water storage on ground surface subsidence in Southern Ontario.
Leadership and expertise has been demonstrated within NRCan and with other government departments and agencies through workshop development and
participation, and provision of advice on regional selection.
Collaborative activities have been established with numerous organizations including within the federal government (Environment and Climate Change Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food
Canada, Public Safety Canada), with provincial/territorial governments (NL, QC, NWT), academia (U-Ottawa, McMaster-U, U-Sherbrooke, Memorial U, U-Lethbridge, U-Waterloo), and non governmental organizations (Ducks Unlimited Canada).
publications have been produced and a further 6 have been developed and/or submitted for journal review. Although not all journals maintain real-time readership figures, those that do have already demonstrated in excess of 1,500 readers over the
short time these publications have been available.
Collectively, these efforts are enhancing Canada's capacity to conduct regional assessments of cumulative effects. These data and science outputs will enable not only assessment processes, but
also the ongoing monitoring programs required to support the integrity of Canada's communities and ecosystems alongside industrial development.
|Summary||(Plain Language Summary, not published)|
This publication documents the work to date on the project 'Earth Observation Baseline Data for Cumulative Effects', which is part of the wider
government effort to support the new Impact Assessment Act. The document outlines the significant accomplishments in FY 2019/20 for the project, including data releases, scientific publications, and collaborations with other partners. It highlights
the importance of the project and how it supports the government's priorities relating to impact assessment. The document describes how the project, currently in its second year, will develop a wide range of status and trends variables (primarily
terrestrial) and demonstrate their capabilities within regional assessments of cumulative effects.