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TitleSedimentary basins of northern Canada: contributions to a 1000 Ma geological journey and insight on resource potential
LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorLavoie, DORCID logo (ed.); Dewing, KORCID logo (ed.)
SourceGeological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 609, 2022, 322 pages, Open Access logo Open Access
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Mediaon-line; digital
RelatedThis publication contains the following publications
File formatreadme
File formatpdf
ProvinceNorthwest Territories; Nunavut; Northern offshore region; Ontario; Manitoba; Quebec; Yukon; Newfoundland and Labrador; British Columbia; Alberta; Saskatchewan
NTS37; 38; 39; 47; 48; 49; 57; 58; 59; 67; 68; 69; 77; 78; 79; 87; 88; 89; 97G; 97H; 98; 99; 120; 340; 560; 48G; 48H; 87C; 87D; 87E; 87F; 87G; 87H; 25N; 32M; 33D; 33E; 33L; 33M; 33N; 34C; 34F; 34K; 34L; 34M; 34N; 35C; 35D; 35E; 35F; 35K; 35M; 35N; 42I; 42J; 42K; 42L; 42M; 42N; 42O; 42P; 43; 53H; 53I; 53J; 53K; 53N; 53O; 53P; 54A; 54B; 54C; 54F; 54K; 116A; 116B; 116G; 116H; 116I; 116J; 116O; 116P; 96C/03; 96C/04; 96C/05; 96C/06; 96C/11; 96C/12; 96C/13; 96C/14; 96D; 96E; 96F; 96K; 96L; 96M; 96N; 106B/09; 106B/10; 106B/11; 106B/12; 106B/13; 106B/14; 106B/15; 106B/16; 106G/01; 106G/02; 106G/03; 106G/04; 106G/05; 106G/06; 106G/07; 106G/08; 106H/01; 106H/02; 106H/03; 106H/04; 106H/05; 106H/06; 106H/07; 106H/08; 96B/09; 96B/10; 96B/11; 96B/12; 96B/13; 96B/14; 96B/15; 96B/16; 96C/09; 96C/10; 96C/15; 96C/16; 96E/01; 96E/07; 96E/08; 96E/09; 96E/10; 96E/14; 96E/15; 96E/16; 106E; 106F; 106G; 106H; 106I; 106J; 106K; 106L; 106M; 106N; 106O; 106P; 95E; 95F; 95G; 95K; 95L; 95M; 95N; 105I; 105O; 105P; 106A; 106B; 106C; 14; 15; 16; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 33O; 33P; 34; 35; 36; 43M; 43N; 43O; 43P; 44; 45; 46; 54; 55; 56; 64; 65; 66; 74; 75; 76; 84; 85; 86; 94; 95; 96; 97; 104; 105; 106; 107; 114O; 114P; 115; 116; 117; 12; 13; 22; 23; 32; 33; 42; 52; 53; 62; 63; 73
AreaCanadian Arctic Islands; Hudson Bay; Hudson Strait; Moose River; Foxe Basin; Eagle Plains; Mackenzie River; Gwich'in; Sahtu; Franklin Mountains; Colville Lake; Norman Wells; Tulita; Colville Hills; Mackenzie Mountains; Great Bear Lake; Mackenzie Valley; Richardson Mountains; Arctic Ocean; Beaufort Sea; Baffin Bay; Labrador Sea; Southampton Island
Lat/Long WENS-128.0000 -60.0000 84.0000 68.0000
Lat/Long WENS-128.0000 -68.0000 84.0000 69.0000
Lat/Long WENS -96.0000 -63.0000 66.0000 48.0000
Lat/Long WENS -96.0000 -63.0000 64.0000 48.0000
Lat/Long WENS-140.0000 -136.0000 68.0000 64.0000
Lat/Long WENS-132.0000 -124.0000 68.0000 63.0000
Lat/Long WENS-136.0000 -124.0000 68.0000 64.5000
Lat/Long WENS-134.0000 -123.0000 65.7500 61.0000
Lat/Long WENS-145.0000 -52.0000 84.0000 55.0000
Lat/Long WENS-125.0000 -60.0000 78.0000 50.0000
Subjectsfossil fuels; economic geology; Science and Technology; Nature and Environment; regional geology; stratigraphy; paleontology; structural geology; geophysics; tectonics; geochemistry; geochronology; sedimentology; Economics and Industry; sedimentary basins; petroleum resources; hydrocarbon potential; mineral deposits; mineral potential; modelling; geological history; basin evolution; depositional history; depositional environment; provenance; burial history; tectonic history; tectonic elements; rifting; terranes; paleogeography; plate margins; deformation; continental margins; continental shelf; petroleum exploration; hydrocarbons; oil; source rocks; thermal maturation; hydrocarbon generation; hydrocarbon migration; exploration wells; compilation; lead; zinc; mineral exploration; resource estimation; bedrock geology; lithology; sedimentary rocks; sandstones; carbonates; igneous rocks; volcanic rocks; structural features; faults; systematic stratigraphy; stratigraphic correlations; biostratigraphy; micropaleontology; field work; structural trends; geophysical surveys; remote sensing; satellite imagery; photogrammetric techniques; organic geochemistry; radiometric dating; tectonostratigraphic zones; palynology; pollen; spores; fossil assemblages; chronostratigraphy; lithostratigraphy; gas; traps; metallogeny; mudstones; siltstones; evaporites; shales; limestones; cherts; clastics; bentonite; mafic rocks; volcanic ash; folds; anticlines; paleoenvironment; mercury; extinctions, biotic; paleoclimates; tectonic interpretations; tectonic models; magmatism; magmatic arcs; intrusions; sills; volcanism; subsidence; crustal uplift; subduction zones; orogenesis; unconformities; uranium lead dating; zircon dates; radiocarbon dating; hafnium geochemistry; field relations; geophysical interpretations; seismic interpretations; petroleum occurrence; reservoir rocks; tectonic evolution; stratigraphic models; stratigraphic analyses; stratigraphic nomenclature; fossils; microfossils; conodonts; thermal history; thermal analyses; petrographic analyses; drillholes; pyrolysis; fission tracks; apatite; fluid inclusions; vitrinite reflectance; isotopic studies; carbon isotopes; oxygen isotopes; temperature; bathymetry; seismic data; radar methods; oil slicks; pockmarks; dolomites; reefs; salt; breccias; grabens; intracratonic basins; stable isotope studies; porosity; petrophysics; dolostones; anhydrite; halite; bioherms; intermontane basins; fossil distribution, geographic; fossil distribution, strata; source areas; sedimentary environments; marine environments; fission-track dates; quartzites; conglomerates; intrusive rocks; gabbros; volcaniclastics; mineral occurrences; seismic surveys; structural interpretations; structural analyses; fossil zones; nodules; tectonic setting; barite; metals; polymetallic ores; strata-bound deposits; nickel; molybdenum; disconformities; x-ray fluorescence analyses; Lower Mississippian; taxonomy; software; fossil lists; craton; faults, normal; mass spectrometer analysis; Franklinian Margin; Sverdrup Basin; Rodinia; Pearya Terrane; Ancestral North America; Polaris Mine; Polaris Deposit; Bent Horn Field; Laurentian Margin; Cape Phillips Formation; Tallurutiup Imanga National Marine Conservation Area; Devonian Clastic Wedge; Ellesmerian Orogeny; Clements Markham Belt; Hazen Trough; Ren Fiord Uplift; Coppermine Arch; Boothia Uplift; Inglefield Uplift; Jaeger Lake Assemblage; Neoproterozoic; Laurentia; Pangea; Amerasia Basin; High Arctic Large Igneous Province (HALIP); Drake Point Gas Field; Eurekan Orogeny; Hudson Bay Basin; Moose River Basin; Foxe Basin; Hudson Strait Basin; Bell Arch; Cape Henrietta Maria Arch; Premium Homestead Akpatok L-26 Well; Trillium et al. Beluga O-23 Well; Houston et al. Comeault No. 1 Well; Sogepet Aquitaine Kaskattama No. 1 Well; Aquitaine et al. Narwhal South O-58 Well; ICG et al. Netsiq N-01 Well; Consumer Oil and Gas Onakwahegan No. 2 Well; Aquitaine Pen Island No. 1 Well; Aquitaine Pen Island No. 2 Well; Aquitaine et al. Polar Bear C-11 Well; Rowley M-04 Well; Aquitaine Sandbank Lake No. 1 Well; Aquitaine et al. Walrus A-71 Well; Merland Exploration Whitebear Creek No. 1 Well; Boas River Formation; Kenogami River Formation; Attawapiskat Formation; Ekwan River Formation; Severn River Formation; Red Head Rapids Formation; Churchill River Group; Chasm Creek Formation; Caution Creek Formation; Bad Cache Rapids Group; Surprise Creek Formation; Portage Chute Formation; Foster Bay Formation; Akpatok Formation; Frobisher Bay Formation; Ship Point Formation; Ungava Bay Formation; Kwataboahegan Formation; Williams Island Formation; Murray Island Formation; Stooping River Formation; La Ronde Mine; Musselwhite Mine; Graptolites; Hudson Platform; Hudson Bay Lowland; Kaskaskia Sequence; Corals; Stromatoporoids; Metazoa; Sextant Formation; Moose River Formation; Long Rapids Formation; Klonk Event; Kerr Addison Coral Rapids CR-78-08 Well; Schlievert Lake OGS-83-8D Well; Williston Basin; Michigan Basin; Eagle Plain Basin; Canadian Cordillera; Foreland Belt; Richardson Trough; Eagle Plain Group; Parkin Formation; Fishing Branch Formation; Burnthill Creek Formation; Cody Creek Formation; Whitestone River Formation; Operation Norman; Mackenzie Plain; Peel Plateau; Peel Plain; Great Bear Plain; Brackett Basin; Summit Creek Formation; East Fork Formation; Trevor Formation; Little Bear Formation; Slater River Formation; Arctic Red Formation; Sans Sault Member; Mahoney Lake Formation; Martin House Formation; Imperial Formation; Horn River Group; Canol Formation; Ramparts Formation; Hare Indian Formation; Hume Formation; Landry Formation; Arnica Formation; Bear Rock Formation; Delorme Group; Tatsieta Formation; Tsetso Formation; Peel Formation; Road River Group; Cloudy Formation; Mount Kindle Formation; Marmot Formation; Duo Lake Formation; Rabbitkettle Formation; Franklin Mountains Formation; Hess River Formation; Nainlin Formation; Saline River Formation; Mount Cap Formation; Mount Clark Formation; Windermere Supergroup; Sekwi Formation; Vampire Formation; Backbone Ranges Formation; Sheepbed Carbonate; Sheepbed Formation; Hay Creek Group; Hayhook Formation; Ravensthroat Formation; Keele Formation; Twitya Formation; Rapitan Group; Shezal Formation; Sayunei Formation; Coates Lake Group; Coppercap Formation; Thundercloud Formation; Little Dal Group; Ram Head Formation; Snail Spring Formation; Ten Stone Formation; Gayna Formation; Stone Knife Formation; Stone Knife Reefs; Dodo Creek Formation; Katherine Group; Abraham Plains Formation; McClure Formation; Shattered Range Formation; Etagochile Formation; Grafe River Formation; Tawu Formation; Eduni Formation; Tsezotene Formation; Tabasco Formation; Ediacaran; Cryogenian; Tonian; Mesoproterozoic; Laramide Orogeny; Operation Stewart; Interior Plains; Anderson Plain; Keele Arch; Keele Tectonic Zone; Norman Wells High; Peel-Mackenzie Platform; Root Basin; Canol shale play; Norman Range Thrust Fault; Fort Norman Formation; Clare Member; Bell Creek Member; Bluefish Member; Francis Creek Member; Prohibition Creek Member; Carcajou Member; Kee Scarp Member; Dodo Canyon Member; Vermillion Creek Member; Canyon Member; Mirror Lake Member; Loon Creek Member; Jungle Ridge Member; Tuttle Formation; Ford Lake Formation; Camsell Formation; Headless Formation; Mount Baid Formation; Mackenzie Shelf; Misty Creek Embayment; Godlin Salient; Prairie Creek Embayment; Selwyn Basin; Camsell Subbasin; Delorme Assemblage; Hailstone Formation; Cadillac Formation; Vera Formation; Root River Formation; Road River Formation; Sapper Formation; Bear Rock Assemblage; Sombre Formation; Grizzly Bear Formation; Natla Formation; Funeral Formation; Mount Baird Formation; Manetoe Formation; Hume Assemblage; Misfortune Formation; Nahanni Formation; Ramparts Platform Member; Besa River Formation; Fort Simpson Formation; Earn Group; Horn River Formation; 2020 Canada Datapack; 2010 Canada Datapack; Dinoflagellates; Foraminifera; Ammonites; Bivalves; Buchia; Sverdup Basin; Labrador Margin; Baffin Margin; Canada Basin; Beaufort-Mackenzie Basin; Western Interior Basin; Western Interior Seaway; Cordilleran Foreland Basin; Western Canada Sedimentary Basin; Canadian Shield; Transcontinental Arch; Fraserdale Arch; Keewatin Arch; Severn Arch; Geomapping for Energy and Minerals (GEM) Program; Open data; Government publications; Conservation areas; Collaborative research; Economic impact; platinum group elements; Collections; Best practices; Methodology; geological contacts; Phanerozoic; Paleozoic; Devonian; Silurian; Ordovician; Cambrian; Precambrian; Proterozoic; Cenozoic; Mesozoic; Cretaceous; Jurassic; Triassic; Permian; Carboniferous; Mississippian
Illustrationslocation maps; geoscientific sketch maps; photographs; plots; histograms; stratigraphic charts; schematic representations; lithologic sections; profiles; time series; seismic sections; block diagrams; cross-sections; correlation charts; schematic cross-sections; satellite images; geophysical images; tables; schematic sections; correlation sections; geochemical profiles; fence diagrams; digital elevation models; index maps; stratigraphic sections; logs; biostratigraphic charts; geochronological charts; models; bar graphs
ProgramGEM2: Geo-mapping for Energy and Minerals GEM Synthesis
Released2022 12 20; 2023 09 14
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
Sedimentary basins underlie much of northern Canada. These basins host or have potential to host mineral and energy resources, but in many areas, the geological information was insufficient to properly evaluate the geological history or mineral potential. The Geological Survey of Canada's Geo-mapping for Energy and Minerals program (2008-2020) made important contributions to understanding Canada's northern sedimentary basins. The 10 papers in this volume provide insights into the age and depositional environments of the sediments that fill these basins, the timing of non-deposition and erosion events, as well as the earth system changes and tectonic forces that led to the geology that is exposed today. Lower Paleozoic basins in the Arctic Islands, Hudson Bay, and Mackenzie Mountains, as well as Mesozoic basins in the Arctic Islands and Yukon are described. Two papers cover broad topics of Mesozoic correlation and exhumation of the Canadian Shield.

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