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TitleData requirement for determining temporal change of the Canadian Geodetic Vertical Datum of 2013 (CGVD2013) and IHRF
AuthorHuang, J; Véronneau, M; Pavlic, G; Crowley, J W
SourceAmerican Geophysical Union Fall Meeting 2019, abstracts; G23B-0765, 2019 p. 1 (Open Access)
LinksOnline - En ligne
Alt SeriesNatural Resources Canada, Contribution Series 20190251
PublisherAmerican Geophysical Union
MeetingAmerican Geophysical Union Fall Meeting 2019; San Francisco, CA; US; December 9-13, 2019
DocumentWeb site
Mediaon-line; digital
File formathtml; pdf
ProvinceCanada; British Columbia; Alberta; Saskatchewan; Manitoba; Ontario; Quebec; New Brunswick; Nova Scotia; Prince Edward Island; Newfoundland and Labrador; Northwest Territories; Yukon; Nunavut
NTS1; 2; 3; 10; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33; 34; 35; 36; 37; 38; 39; 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46; 47; 48; 49; 52; 53; 54; 55; 56; 57; 58; 59; 62; 63; 64; 65; 66; 67; 68; 69; 72; 73; 74; 75; 76; 77; 78; 79; 82; 83; 84; 85; 86; 87; 88; 89; 92; 93; 94; 95; 96; 97; 98; 99; 102; 103; 104; 105; 106; 107; 114O; 114P; 115; 116; 117; 120; 340; 560
Subjectsgeophysics; Science and Technology; tectonics; hydrogeology; surficial geology/geomorphology; Nature and Environment; geodesy; satellite geodesy; isostasy; glaciers; ice; groundwater; surface waters; gravity interpretations; models; Canadian Geodetic Vertical Datum of 2013 (CGVD2013); Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE); International Height Reference Frame (IHRF); global navigation satellite systems (GNSS); geographic data; geoid; glacial isostatic adjustment; neotectonics; terrestrial water storage; glacier melting; ice melting; ice mass balance; climate change
ProgramCanadian Geodetic Survey, Geodetic Analysis and Development - Gravity and heights systems
Released2019 12 01
AbstractCGVD2013 represents a modern vertical datum as it is compatible with today’s positioning technique through Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS). It was realized by the Canadian Gravimetric Geoid of 2013, an equipotential surface representing the best fit of mean sea level (MSL) for the North American region. Even though this geoid model is associated to an epoch (2011.0), NRCan considers currently the geoid model as static, i.e., the geoid heights do not change in time. However, the real-time geoid varies with time in response to mass redistributions associated with various processes in the Earth system. These processes include atmospheric, oceanic and hydrological circulations, glacial accumulation/loss, glacial isostatic adjustment (GIA), solid earth and ocean tides, earthquakes and volcanic eruption, and other mass variations inside the Earth. Observations from space and ground based sensors are required to study these processes. To connect CGVD2013 to its defined equipotential surface in time, temporal change of the geoid needs to be determined from the observations and resulting models of these processes. This contribution aims to define the data requirement for determining the geoid change greater than 1 cm and its corresponding spatial scale over a time scale of 10 years. We primarily focus on temporal geoid changes due to GIA, glacial/ice melt and terrestrial water storage variations, which are three dominant processes in Canada. We have used two GIA models (ICE-5G and ICE-6G models), and GPS-absolute-gravity derived gravity changes, the ice mass balance model of RACMO2.3, and GLDAS prediction to quantify spatial scales and amplitudes of the changes, and monthly GRACE models from three processing centers (CSR, GFZ, JPL) to determine the suitability of GRACE and GRACE FO for monitoring the geoid changes. The result of this regional study can be extended to IHRF development.

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