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TitleEvolution of the subseafloor hydrothermal system associated with the Ming VMS deposit, Newfoundland Appalachians, and its controls on base and precious metal distribution
AuthorPilote, J -L; Piercey, S J; Mercier-Langevin, P
SourceMineralium Deposita vol. 54, 2019 p. 1-24,
Alt SeriesNatural Resources Canada, Contribution Series 20190156
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
Mediaon-line; digital
File formatpdf (Adobe® Reader®); html
ProvinceNewfoundland and Labrador
AreaBaie Verte Peninsula
Lat/Long WENS -56.1397 -56.0217 49.9317 49.8658
Subjectseconomic geology; geochemistry; mineralogy; tectonics; stratigraphy; Science and Technology; mineral exploration; mineral deposits; volcanogenic deposits; sulphide deposits; base metals; precious metals; copper; silver; gold; nickel; zinc; iron; mineralization; ore mineral genesis; structural controls; tectonic setting; tectonic evolution; hydrothermal systems; volcanism; alteration; hydrothermal alteration; paragenesis; precipitation; thermal analyses; fluid flow; pH patterns; mineral enrichment; metamorphism; deformation; intrusions; dykes; sills; emplacement; host rocks; bedrock geology; lithology; igneous rocks; volcanic rocks; rhyodacites; volcaniclastics; intrusive rocks; mafic intrusive rocks; sedimentary rocks; shales; siltstones; structural features; faults; mineral assemblages; stockworks; lithofacies; lithogeochemistry; spectrometric analyses; major element analyses; modelling; veins; Appalachian Orogenic Belt; Ming Deposit; Laurentian Margin; Dunnage Zone; Notre Dame Subzone; Baie Verte-Brompton Line; Snooks Arm Group; Venam's Bight Formation; Bobby Cove Formation; Prairie Hat Member; Scrape Point Formation; Pacquet Complex; Rambler Rhyolite; Rambler Deposit; Baie Verte Oceanic Tract; Phanerozoic; Paleozoic; Silurian; Ordovician; Cambrian; Precambrian; Proterozoic
Illustrationslocation maps; geoscientific sketch maps; stratigraphic columns; tables; schematic cross-sections; photographs; photomicrographs; plots; bar graphs; profiles; schematic representations
ProgramTargeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI-5) Gold ore systems - System Controls - Time and Space
Released2019 07 08
AbstractThe ~487 Ma Ming volcanogenic massive sulfide (VMS) deposit consists of four subparallel, elongated, semi-massive to massive sulfides lenses (the 1807, 1806, Ming North, and Ming South zones) hosted in rhyodacite of the Rambler Rhyolite formation, Newfoundland Appalachians. A discordant Cu-rich Lower Footwall zone underlies the semi-massive to massive sulfide lenses. Alteration associated with mineralization can be divided into nine facies that formed in three paragenetic stages: (1) weak quartz-calcite ± spessartine, quartz-sericite, and quartz-sericite-chlorite alteration (stage 1); (2) quartz-chlorite, quartz-chlorite-sulfide, and quartz-chlorite-sericite assemblages (stage 2); and (3) quartz-sericite-sulfide and localized Mn-rich carbonate assemblages (stage 3). A thin syngenetic silica-rich layer immediately overlies part of the VMS deposit and likely formed during the early stages. The volcanic architecture and synvolcanic faults controlled the lateral distribution of extrusive rocks and hydrothermal alteration. Precipitation of the high temperature, discordant to semi-conformable Cu-rich chloritic assemblages (stockwork), was laterally restricted to one of these synvolcanic faults and the transition from coherent- to volcaniclastic-dominated lithofacies. Lower temperature, sericitic assemblages (stages 1 and 3) are controlled by the distribution of volcaniclastic rocks and generally form the immediate footwall to the semi-massive to massive sulfide lenses. Lithogeochemical mass balance calculations illustrate the alteration minerals and mineralization: chlorite-rich assemblages - gains in SiO2, Fe2O3t, MgO, Cr, Ni, and Cu and losses in Na2O, MnO, and CaO and sericite-rich assemblages - gains in K2O, Zn, and Ag and losses in MnO, MgO, CaO, Na2O, and Y. Calcium- and magnesium-rich alteration assemblages are restricted to the northwest fringe of the deposit, distal to the main chloritic and sericitic alteration, and have elemental gains in P2O5, Y, and losses in K2O. The late stage 3 quartz-sericite-sulfide assemblage overprints most assemblages, hosts sphalerite-galena-sulfosalt-Ag-Au-rich veins, and is spatially associated with coherent volcanic rocks. The less permeable nature of these rocks is interpreted to have acted as a physical barrier for ascending metal-rich hydrothermal fluids. Results from the detailed reconstruction of the hydrothermal architecture and paragenetic evolution of the Ming deposit suggest that precious metals were introduced during the waning stage of the hydrothermal system, associated with decreases in temperature and pH of the hydrothermal fluids.

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