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TitleBenefit-Cost analysis for building 3D maps and models
AuthorBerg, R C; MacCormack, K E; Russell, H A JORCID logo
Source2019 synopsis of current three-dimensional geological mapping and modelling in geological survey organizations; by MacCormack, K E (ed.); Berg, R C (ed.); Kessler, H (ed.); Russell, H A JORCID logo (ed.); Thorleifson, L H (ed.); Kessler, H (ed.); Alberta Energy Regulator / Alberta Geological Survey, Special Report 112, 2019 p. 19-23 Open Access logo Open Access
LinksOnline - En ligne
Alt SeriesNatural Resources Canada, Contribution Series 20190150
PublisherAlberta Energy Regulator
Mediaon-line; digital
File formatpdf (Adobe® Reader®)
Subjectsgeneral geology; mathematical and computational geology; Science and Technology; Government and Politics; Economics and Industry; hydrogeology; modelling; models; bedrock geology; sediments; Governments; Cost benefit analysis; Economic analysis
ProgramOpen Geoscience
Released2019 10 22
The economic benefits derived from having a national or jurisdictional geological survey have been well documented. The first national geological survey, the British Geological Survey (BGS), was founded in 1835. It was established to address issues associated with the Industrial Revolution, a time of intense economic development that required considerable earth resources for industrial applications. Information on access to minerals and development of mines, including aggregate for construction as well as coal, was essential. Geological knowledge also was needed for road and canal building, groundwater resource identification, and discovering sources of fertilizer and minerals that supported food production for a growing population. A significant catalyst for geological investigations by the BGS was William Smith¿s 1815 geological map of England and Wales (Allen, 2003). The map¿s cross-sectional depictions of the subsurface, and portrayal of strata ages, differences in lithology, and structural relationships permitted, for the first time, predictions of rock occurrences in regions of sparse data. This 1815 foundational map even included various uses for the geological data. It is indeed the blueprint for modern mapping, as well as 3D geological modeling.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
Review of cost - benefit analysis completed to justify the cost and value of geological mapping.

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