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TitleHudson Bay, Hudson Strait, Moose River, and Foxe basins: synthesis of the research activities under the Geomapping for Energy and Minerals (GEM) programs 2008-2018
LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorLavoie, DORCID logo; Pinet, N; Zhang, S; Reyes, JORCID logo; Jiang, C; Ardakani, O HORCID logo; Savard, M MORCID logo; Dhillon, R S; Chen, ZORCID logo; Dietrich, J R; Hu, KORCID logo; Craven, J A; Roberts, B; Duchesne, M JORCID logo; Brake, V I; Huot-Vézina, GORCID logo; Galloway, J MORCID logo; McCracken, A D; Asselin, E; Decker, V; Beauchemin, M; Nicolas, M P B; Armstrong, D K; Hahn, K E
SourceGeological Survey of Canada, Open File 8507, 2019, 71 pages, Open Access logo Open Access
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Documentopen file
Mediaon-line; digital
File formatpdf (Adobe® Reader®)
ProvinceNunavut; Ontario; Manitoba; Quebec; Northern offshore region
NTS25N; 32M; 33D; 33E; 33L; 33M; 33N; 34C; 34F; 34K; 34L; 34M; 34N; 35C; 35D; 35E; 35F; 35K; 35M; 35N; 42I; 42J; 42K; 42L; 42M; 42N; 42O; 42P; 43; 53H; 53I; 53J; 53K; 53N; 53O; 53P; 54A; 54B; 54C; 54F; 54K
AreaHudson Bay; Hudson Strait; Moose River; Foxe Basin
Lat/Long WENS -96.0000 -63.0000 66.0000 48.0000
Subjectsfossil fuels; regional geology; stratigraphy; paleontology; tectonics; sedimentology; geochemistry; geophysics; petroleum resources; petroleum exploration; hydrocarbons; oil; hydrocarbon potential; petroleum occurrence; hydrocarbon generation; sedimentary basins; source rocks; reservoir rocks; traps; tectonic models; tectonic evolution; basin evolution; modelling; stratigraphic models; stratigraphic analyses; stratigraphic correlations; systematic stratigraphy; stratigraphic nomenclature; lithostratigraphy; biostratigraphy; fossils; microfossils; conodonts; organic geochemistry; thermal maturation; burial history; thermal history; thermal analyses; petrographic analyses; exploration wells; drillholes; pyrolysis; fission tracks; apatite; fluid inclusions; vitrinite reflectance; isotopic studies; carbon isotopes; oxygen isotopes; temperature; geophysical surveys; bathymetry; geophysical interpretations; seismic interpretations; seismic data; remote sensing; satellite imagery; radar methods; oil slicks; pockmarks; bedrock geology; lithology; sedimentary rocks; mudstones; carbonates; dolomites; shales; sandstones; reefs; evaporites; salt; breccias; structural features; faults; grabens; unconformities; Hudson Bay Basin; Moose River Basin; Foxe Basin; Hudson Strait Basin; Bell Arch; Cape Henrietta Maria Arch; Premium Homestead Akpatok L-26 Well; Trillium et al. Beluga O-23 Well; Houston et al. Comeault No. 1 Well; Sogepet Aquitaine Kaskattama No. 1 Well; Aquitaine et al. Narwhal South O-58 Well; ICG et al. Netsiq N-01 Well; Consumer Oil and Gas Onakwahegan No. 2 Well; Aquitaine Pen Island No. 1 Well; Aquitaine Pen Island No. 2 Well; Aquitaine et al. Polar Bear C-11 Well; Rowley M-04 Well; Aquitaine Sandbank Lake No. 1 Well; Aquitaine et al. Walrus A-71 Well; Merland Exploration Whitebear Creek No. 1 Well; Boas River Formation; Kenogami River Formation; Attawapiskat Formation; Ekwan River Formation; Severn River Formation; Red Head Rapids Formation; Churchill River Group; Chasm Creek Formation; Caution Creek Formation; Bad Cache Rapids Group; Surprise Creek Formation; Portage Chute Formation; Foster Bay Formation; Akpatok Formation; Frobisher Bay Formation; Ship Point Formation; Ungava Bay Formation; Kwataboahegan Formation; Williams Island Formation; Murray Island Formation; Stooping River Formation; La Ronde Mine; Musselwhite Mine; Laurentian Margin; Graptolites; Phanerozoic; Paleozoic; Carboniferous; Devonian; Silurian; Ordovician
Illustrationslocation maps; cross-sections; correlation charts; photographs; plots; tables; histograms; schematic cross-sections; satellite images; geophysical images
ProgramGEM2: Geo-mapping for Energy and Minerals GEM Synthesis
Released2019 05 08
AbstractThe Hudson Bay Basin is the largest intracratonic basin in North America but also the least known from a geological point of view and the only one without hydrocarbon production and reserves.
The Hudson Bay Basin, in north-central Canada, is bounded by smaller satellite basins, Moose River Basin to the south and Foxe and Hudson Strait basins to the north. It was explored for hydrocarbons from the late 1960's to the mid 1980's. However, after the drilling of five offshore wells, the industry stopped exploration programs as the basin was considered to be thermally immature with a too thin succession and problematic source rock distribution. As part of its new Geomapping for Energy and Minerals program, the Geological Survey of Canada included the Hudson Bay Basin in its research portfolio with the goal to generate a modern understanding of the geological framework of the basin and a precise knowledge of its hydrocarbon systems.
The Hudson-Foxe basins GEM-1 project benefited from limited but significant research activities before its official launch in 2008. The evaluation of recent and vintage geoscientific data led to the definition of the most pertinent research activities and the development of collaborative networks with provincial, territorial and academia stakeholders. The first phase of the research led to the proposal of modern stratigraphic frameworks at the local (provincial, territorial) and regional (offshore) scales and extensive geochemistry works on hydrocarbon source rocks and their burial and thermal histories. Satellite data were acquired over the entire offshore domain of the Hudson Bay and Foxe basins in the search for evidence for active hydrocarbon systems.
After the completion of Phase 1 (2008-2013), a new round of research activities were defined as part of the GEM-2 program (2013-2020). For the new Hudson Bay - Ungava project, research activities were defined aiming to understand local and/or regional factors responsible for burial and exhumation histories as they pertain to regional or local hydrocarbon prospectivity. The research led to a basin-scale stratigraphic framework coupled with detailed analyses of hydrocarbon generation and appraisal of the best potential reservoir unit.
GEM supported research for the intracratonic Hudson Bay, Foxe and Moose River basins has resulted, in early 2019, in the publication of 14 peer-reviewed papers, 43 Open File reports (GSC, CNGO, GC, MGS and OGS), 13 GSC paleontological reports, 11 B.Sc. theses and 1 M.Sc. thesis. The main conclusion of the 11 years of research suggests that the Hudson Bay Basin has an oil potential likely significant compared to the belief at the start of the research and integration of the multiple data set allows to propose Paleozoic-Cenozoic filled half grabens as the potential most significant hydrocarbon play of the basin.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
This contribution synthesizes 10 years of GEM research in the Hudson Bay area and presents all scientific advances on our fundamental knowledge of basin formation and evolution as well as a modern understanding of potential hydrocarbon systems

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